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Free radicals (see 113) are important in many

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 114P Chapter 10

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 114P

PROBLEM 114P

Free radicals (see Problem 113) are important in many environmentally significant reactions. For example, photochemical smog, which forms as a result of the action of sunlight on air pollutants, is formed in part by these two steps:

The product of this reaction, ozone, is a pollutant in the lower atmosphere. Ozone is an eye and lung irritant and also accelerates the weathering of rubber products. Write Lewis structures for each of the reactants and products in the preceding reactions.

(a) O2−

(b) O−

(c) OH

(d) CH3OO (unpaired electron on terminal oxygen)

Problem 113

Some theories on aging suggest that free radicals cause a variety of diseases and aging. Free radicals (as explained in Problems 111 and 112) are molecules or ions containing an unpaired electron. As you know from the Lewis model, such molecules are not chemically stable and quickly react with other molecules. Free radicals may attack molecules within the cell, such as DNA, changing them and causing cancer or other diseases. Free radicals may also attack molecules on the surfaces of cells, making them appear foreign to the body's immune system. The immune system then attacks the cell and destroys it, weakening the body. Draw the Lewis structure for each of these free radicals, which have been implicated in theories of aging.

(a) O2−

(b) O−

(c) OH

(d) CH3OO (unpaired electron on terminal oxygen)

Problem 111

Free radicals are molecules that contain an odd number of valence electrons and therefore contain an unpaired electron in their Lewis structure. Write the best possible Lewis structure for the free radical HOO. Does the Lewis model predict that HOO is stable? Predict its geometry.

Problem 112

Free radicals (as explained in the previous problem) are molecules that contain an odd number of valence electrons. Write the best possible Lewis structure for the free radical CH3. Predict its geometry.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 114P

Free radicals (see Problem 113) are important in many environmentally significant reactions. For example, photochemical smog, which forms as a result of the action of sunlight on air pollutants, is formed in part by these two steps:

The product of this reaction, ozone, is a pollutant in the lower atmosphere. Ozone is an eye and lung irritant and also accelerates the weathering of rubber products. Write Lewis structures for each of the reactants and products in the preceding reactions.

(a) O2−

(b) O−

(c) OH

(d) CH3OO (unpaired electron on terminal oxygen)

            Answer : lewis structure for the reaction

+O

 ...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 10, Problem 114P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This full solution covers the following key subjects: free, Radicals, lewis, Molecules, unpaired. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. Since the solution to 114P from 10 chapter was answered, more than 535 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 114P from chapter: 10 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. The answer to “Free radicals (see 113) are important in many environmentally significant reactions. For example, photochemical smog, which forms as a result of the action of sunlight on air pollutants, is formed in part by these two steps: The product of this reaction, ozone, is a pollutant in the lower atmosphere. Ozone is an eye and lung irritant and also accelerates the weathering of rubber products. Write Lewis structures for each of the reactants and products in the preceding reactions.(a) O2?(b) O?(c) OH(d) CH3OO (unpaired electron on terminal oxygen) Some theories on aging suggest that free radicals cause a variety of diseases and aging. Free radicals (as explained in 111 and 112) are molecules or ions containing an unpaired electron. As you know from the Lewis model, such molecules are not chemically stable and quickly react with other molecules. Free radicals may attack molecules within the cell, such as DNA, changing them and causing cancer or other diseases. Free radicals may also attack molecules on the surfaces of cells, making them appear foreign to the body's immune system. The immune system then attacks the cell and destroys it, weakening the body. Draw the Lewis structure for each of these free radicals, which have been implicated in theories of aging.(a) O2?(b) O?(c) OH(d) CH3OO (unpaired electron on terminal oxygen) Free radicals are molecules that contain an odd number of valence electrons and therefore contain an unpaired electron in their Lewis structure. Write the best possible Lewis structure for the free radical HOO. Does the Lewis model predict that HOO is stable? Predict its geometry. Free radicals (as explained in the previous problem) are molecules that contain an odd number of valence electrons. Write the best possible Lewis structure for the free radical CH3. Predict its geometry.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 293 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

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