Solved: Ammonium nitrate decomposes explosively upon

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Problem 118P Chapter 11

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

4 5 0 236 Reviews
18
4
Problem 118P

PROBLEM 118P

Ammonium nitrate decomposes explosively upon heating according to the balanced equation:

2 NH4NO3(s) → 2N2(g) + O2(g) + 4 H2O(g)

Calculate the total volume of gas (at 25 °C and 748 mm Hg) produced by the complete decomposition of 1.55 kg of ammonium nitrate.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 118P

Here, we are going to calculate the total volume of gas produced by the complete decomposition of 1.55 kg of ammonium nitrate.

Step 1: Given reaction is

2 NH4NO3(s) → 2N2(g) + O2(g) + 4 H2O(g)

        2.0 mol         1.0 mol       1.0 mol    4 mol

Thus, 2.0 mol of NH4NO3(s) produces = 1.0 mol +1.0 mol + 4.0 mol = 7.0 mol gas

Step 2: Calculation of the total amount of gas.

Total mass of NH4NO3(s) = 1.55 kg = 1550 g

Molar mass of NH4NO3(s) = 80.04g/mol

Amount of NH4NO3(s) = Mass/molar mass = 1550 g/  80.04g/mol = 19.36 mol

Thus 19.36/2 mol or 9.68 mol of NH4NO3(s) produces = 7.0 x 9.68 mol gas = 67.778 mol

Therefore, 67.778 mol of total gases produced by 1.55 kg of ammonium nitrate

Step 3 of 3

Chapter 11, Problem 118P is Solved
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Introductory Chemistry - 5 Edition - Chapter 11 - Problem 118p

Forgot password? Reset password here

Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Introductory Chemistry - 5 Edition - Chapter 11 - Problem 118p
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here