What are the properties of solids? Explain the properties

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Problem 5Q Chapter 12

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 5Q

PROBLEM 5Q

What are the properties of solids? Explain the properties of solids in terms of the molecules or atoms that compose them.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 5Q

Solids have many different properties, including conductivity, malleability, density, hardness, and optical transmission, to name a few. Few properties of solid are discussed below,

Step 1:

Electrical and thermal conductivity

Heat, or thermal conductivity is closely related to electrical conductivity. Just as metals are good electrical conductors, you probably know from experience that they’re good at conducting heat too.

For example:

 graphite sheets, they are relatively good at conducting heat and electricity. Metal conducts heat and electricity well because the bonds between atoms are

nondirectional.very rigid.

Step 2:

Malleability and ductility

Two additional properties, malleability and ductility, follow trends similar to those for electrical and thermal conductivity. Malleability describes the ability to hammer a solid into a sheet without breaking it, and ductility refers to whether a solid can be stretched to form a wire. As you may have guessed, metals tend to be both malleable and ductile, largely due to the non-directionality of metallic bonds. In contrast, covalent and ionic bonds, which are directional and require specific geometries resulting in fixed three-dimensional lattice structures, make many other types of solids brittle so they break under force.

Step 3:

Melting point

Another way to deform a solid is to melt it. A solid’s melting point depends on the strength of the interactions between its components: Stronger interactions mean a higher melting point. For molecular solids, melting means breaking the weak intermolecular forces (the forces between different molecules), not the strong covalent bonds  that hold the individual molecules together, so a compound like sugar can be easily melted on your stovetop.

Step 4 of 5

Chapter 12, Problem 5Q is Solved
Step 5 of 5

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since the solution to 5Q from 12 chapter was answered, more than 280 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “What are the properties of solids? Explain the properties of solids in terms of the molecules or atoms that compose them.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 21 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This full solution covers the following key subjects: properties, solids, Molecules, explain, atoms. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 5Q from chapter: 12 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM.

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