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Which substance has the highest boiling point? Why? Hint: They are all nonpolar.(a)

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 69P Chapter 12

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 69P

PROBLEM 69P

Which substance has the highest boiling point? Why? Hint: They are all nonpolar.

(a) CH4

(b) CH3CH3

(c) CH3CH2 CH3

(d) CH3CH2 CH2 CH3

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 69P

Among all substance, only (d) CH3CH2 CH2 CH3 has the highest boiling point. This is because of the greater amount of dispersion force act on it. Since, the magnitude of the dispersion force depends on the electrons in the atom or molecule which can polarize in response to an instantaneous dipole. This is dependent  on the size (or volume) of the electron cloud. The dispersion force would be  high when the electron cloud become more which is due to the loose bound with the nucleus and thus polarize easily. Thus, electron cloud will be more when molecules have higher molar mass which results higher dispersion force.

Thus, among all substance, (d)CH3CH2 CH2 CH3 has higher molar mass which corresponds to the increasing dispersion force that results higher in boiling point.

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 12, Problem 69P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This full solution covers the following key subjects: boiling, highest, hint, nonpolar, point. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. Since the solution to 69P from 12 chapter was answered, more than 403 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. The answer to “Which substance has the highest boiling point? Why? Hint: They are all nonpolar.(a) CH4(b) CH3CH3(c) CH3CH2 CH3(d) CH3CH2 CH2 CH3” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 20 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 69P from chapter: 12 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295.

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Which substance has the highest boiling point? Why? Hint: They are all nonpolar.(a)