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Pick an appropriate solvent from Table 1 to dissolve:(a) motor oil (nonpolar)(b) sugar

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 27P Chapter 13

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 27P

Pick an appropriate solvent from Table 1 to dissolve:

(a) motor oil (nonpolar)

(b) sugar (polar)

(c) lard (nonpolar)

(d) potassium chloride (ionic)

Table 1 Common Laboratory Solvents

Common Polar Solvents

Common Nonpolar Solvents

water (H2O)

hexane (C6H14)

acetone (CH3COCH3)

diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)

methyl alcohol (CH3OH)

toluene (C7H8)

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 27P :

Step 1:

Here we have to Pick an appropriate solute from Table 1 to dissolve the given solutes:

Given :

Table 1 Common Laboratory Solvents :

Common Polar Solvents

Common Nonpolar Solvents

water (H2O)

hexane (C6H14)

acetone (CH3COCH3)

diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)

methyl alcohol (CH3OH)

toluene (C7H8)

First, let’s see what is a polar solvent and nonpolar solvent :

A solvent is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution. A solvent is usually a liquid but can also be a solid or a gas.

Polar solvents are those solvents who have large dipole moments (i.e partial charges). They contain bonds between atoms with very different electronegativities, such as oxygen and hydrogen. Generally polar molecules dissolve in polar solvents.

Non polar solvents are those solvents which contain bonds between atoms with similar electronegativities, such as carbon and hydrogen. Generally non polar molecules dissolve in nonpolar solvents.

The amount of solute, which can dissolve in a given amount of solvent depends on the nature of the solute and solvent. In general, "Like dissolves like", describes the general principle of solubility i.e. polar solvents dissolve polar solutes and nonpolar solvents dissolve nonpolar solutes.

Step 2 of 2

Chapter 13, Problem 27P is Solved
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

The answer to “Pick an appropriate solvent from Table 1 to dissolve:(a) motor oil (nonpolar)(b) sugar (polar)(c) lard (nonpolar)(d) potassium chloride (ionic)Table 1 Common Laboratory SolventsCommon Polar SolventsCommon Nonpolar Solventswater (H2O)hexane (C6H14)acetone (CH3COCH3)diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3)methyl alcohol (CH3OH)toluene (C7H8)” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 35 words. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Since the solution to 27P from 13 chapter was answered, more than 1439 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This full solution covers the following key subjects: common, nonpolar, solvents, polar, Table. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 27P from chapter: 13 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM.

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Pick an appropriate solvent from Table 1 to dissolve:(a) motor oil (nonpolar)(b) sugar