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Complete the tableMass SoluteMass SolventMass SolutionMass

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 45P Chapter 13

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 45P

Complete the table

Mass Solute

Mass Solvent

Mass Solution

Mass Percent

15.5 g

238.1 g

_____

_____

22.8 g

_____

_____

12.0%

_____

183.3 g

212.1 g

_____

_____

315.2 g

_____

15.3%

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 45P :

Step 1:

Formula to find mass percent :

        Mass percent =  100 %

Mass Solution = Mass solute + Mass solvent

Let’s consider 1st row :

Mass solute = 15.5 g

Mass solvent = 238.1 g

Mass Solution = ?

Mass percent = ?

Mass Solution = 15.5 g + 238.1 g

            Mass Solution = 253. 6 g

Mass percent =  100 %

Mass percent = 6.11 %

Step 2:

Let’s consider 2nd row :

Mass solute = 22.8 g

Mass percent = 12.0 %

Mass solvent = ?

Mass solution = ?

        

We know, Mass percent =  100 %

        Therefore,  100 % = 12 %

        Cross multiplying, we get :

                22.8 g  100 % = 12 % Mass solution

                Mass solution =

Mass solution = 190 g

Now, let’s calculate mass solvent :

Mass solvent = Mass solution - Mass solute

                = 190 g - 22.8 g

Mass solvent         = 167.2 g

Step 3:

Now, let’s consider 3rd row :

Mass solvent = 183.3 g

Mass solution = 212.1 g

Mass solute = ?

Mass percent = ?

        Mass solute = Mass solution - Mass solvent

                        = 212.1 g - 183.3 g

        Mass solute = 28.8 g

        Mass percent = 100 %

        Mass percent = 13.57 %

Step 4 of 5

Chapter 13, Problem 45P is Solved
Step 5 of 5

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Since the solution to 45P from 13 chapter was answered, more than 1065 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 45P from chapter: 13 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. The answer to “Complete the tableMass SoluteMass SolventMass SolutionMass Percent15.5 g238.1 g__________22.8 g__________12.0%_____183.3 g212.1 g__________315.2 g_____15.3%” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 13 words. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This full solution covers the following key subjects: mass, solute, percen, complete, solution. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

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