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Consider the molecular views of osmosis cells. For each

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 131P Chapter 13

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 131P

Consider the molecular views of osmosis cells. For each cell, determine the direction of water flow.

(a) 

(b) 

(c) 

Step-by-Step Solution:

Answer :

Step 1</p>

Since there is flow of lower concentration to higher concentration in osmosis.

Concentration of solute particles < concentration of water molecules .

So the flow is from left  side to right  side .

Step 2</p>

Since there is flow of lower concentration to higher concentration in osmosis.

Concentration of solute particles = Concentration of water molecules .

So flow is from right to left .

The “concentration” of water in a solution is inversely related to solute concentration – the greater the concentration of total solutes in the solution (regardless of what those specific solutes are), the lower the number of water molecules per unit volume of the solution. Thus water tends to diffuse from more dilute areas (i.e., with lower solute concentration) to more concentrated areas (i.e., with higher solute concentrations).

Step 3 of 3

Chapter 13, Problem 131P is Solved
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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