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How is the strength of an acid related to the strength of its conjugate base?

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 18Q Chapter 14

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 18Q

How is the strength of an acid related to the strength of its conjugate base?

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 18Q :

Step 1:

Here, we have to state how is the strength of an acid related to the strength of its conjugate base.

First, let’s see what is an acid and base and then we will discuss on strength of them.

  • Acids are chemical agents or substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) into solutions or when added to water. i.e, it is a ion or molecule that donates hydrogen ions or disassociates into hydrogen ions.  
  • Bases are opposite of acids. A base is a substance that can accept a hydrogen ion (H+) from the solution or another substance and dissociates the hydroxide(OH-) ions into solution. Bases can be used to neutralize acids.  
  • The amount of ions that get released per molecule will determine the strength of acid and base. The strength of acids and bases are measured using a pH scale. It is a scale that is used to represent the level of acidity in a solution. A solution with a pH of 7 is neutral, and a solution with a pH below 7 is an acid, and a solution with a pH above 7 is a base.
  • Strong acids are those that completely dissociates and release all of their hydrogen ions and weak acids are those that partially release their hydrogen ions.
  • Strong bases are the ones that completely dissociates hydroxide ions(OH-) into solution and completely accept hydrogen(H+) ions that are in the solution or from other molecules. Whereas, weak bases are ones that partially accept hydrogen ions and dissociates hydroxide(OH-) ions.

Step 2 of 2

Chapter 14, Problem 18Q is Solved
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since the solution to 18Q from 14 chapter was answered, more than 318 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 18Q from chapter: 14 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Strength, its, conjugate, base, related. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. The answer to “How is the strength of an acid related to the strength of its conjugate base?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 15 words.

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How is the strength of an acid related to the strength of its conjugate base?