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For each reaction, identify the Bransted-Lowry add, the Bransted-Lowry base, the

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 32P Chapter 14

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 32P

For each reaction, identify the Brønsted–Lowry acid, the Brønsted–Lowry base, the conjugate acid, and the conjugate base.

(a) \(\mathrm{HI}(a q)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l) \rightarrow \mathrm{H}_{3} \mathrm{O}^{+}(a q)+l^{-}(a q)\)

(b) \(\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{NH}_{2}(a q)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l) \rightleftharpoons \mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{NH}_{3}^{+}(a q)+\mathrm{OH}^{-}(a q)\)

(c) \(\mathrm{CO}_{3}^{2-}(a q)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l) \rightleftharpoons \mathrm{HCO}_{3}^{-}(a q)+\mathrm{OH}^{-}(a q)\)

.

(d) \(\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{CO}_{3}(a q)+\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l) \rightleftharpoons \mathrm{H}_{3} \mathrm{O}^{+}(a q)+\mathrm{HCO}_{3}^{-}(a q)\)

Equation Transcription:

 ⇌  

 ⇌

.

 ⇌  

Text Transcription:

HI(aq)+H_2O(l) rightarrow H_3O^+(aq)+l^-(aq)

CH_3NH_2(aq)+H_2O(l) ⇌ CH_3NH_3+(aq)+OH^-(aq)

CO_3^2-(aq)+H_2O(l) ⇌ HCO_3^-(aq)+OH^-(aq)

.

H_2CO_3(aq)+H_2O(l) ⇌  H_3O^+(aq)+HCO_3^-(aq)

Step-by-Step Solution:

Problem 32P

For each reaction, identify the Bransted-Lowry add, the Bransted-Lowry base, the conjugate acid, and the conjugate base.

(a)  

(b) 

(c) 

(d) 

                                                         Step by Step Solution

 Step 1 of 4

Bronsted-lowry definition of acid-base is as it applies to a wider range of acid-base phenomena. This definition focuses on the transfer of ions in an acid-base reaction. therefore , according to bronsted-lowry an acid is a proton donor () and a base is a proton acceptor(). The substance that results after acid donates a proton is the conjugate base of that acid and the substance that results after the base accepts a proton is conjugate acid of that base.

(a).

The given reaction is as follows:

                           

Now will identify the Bronsted-lowry acid, Bronsted-lowry base, conjugate acid and conjugate base in the given equation.

Bronsted-lowry acid =  

Bronsted-lowry base =

Conjugate base =

Conjugate acid =

Step 2 of 4

Chapter 14, Problem 32P is Solved
Step 3 of 4

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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For each reaction, identify the Bransted-Lowry add, the Bransted-Lowry base, the