What is the solubility-product constant? What does it signify?
Solubility product constant is simplified equilibrium constant (Ksp) defined for equilibrium between a solids and its respective ions in a solution. Its value indicates the degree to which a compound dissociates in water. The higher the solubility product constant, the more soluble the compound.
It is denoted as Ksp.
The Ksp expression for a salt is the product of the concentrations of the ions, with each concentration raised to a power equal to the coefficient of that ion in the balanced equation for the solubility equilibrium
Solubility product constants are used to describe saturated solutions of ionic compounds of relatively low solubility. A saturated solution is in a state of dynamic equilibrium between the dissolved, dissociated, ionic compound and the undissolved solid. As for every solution, at equilibrium in given conditions we can write an expression like the one below for Silver chloride:
Where [Ag+] and [Cl-] represent concentrations of ions of Ag+ and Cl- and [AgCl] is an value representing an amount of moles in a litre...