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How does a Geiger-Müller counter detect radioactivity?

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 22Q Chapter 17

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 22Q

How does a Geiger-Müller counter detect radioactivity?

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Step-1

A Geiger counter (Geiger-Muller tube) is a device used for the detection and measurement of all types of radiation: alpha, beta and gamma radiation. Basically it consists of a pair of electrodes surrounded by a gas. The electrodes have a high voltage across them.

Step-2

Alpha, Beta and Gamma radiations are all ionising radiations. This means that all three forms of radiations have enough energy to pull electrons from atoms turning them into ions. The Geiger-Muller tube makes use of this fact.Geiger counters are used to detect radioactive emissions, most commonly beta particles and gamma rays. The counter consists of a tube filled with an inert gas that becomes conductive of electricity when it is impacted by a high-energy particle. When a Geiger counter...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 17, Problem 22Q is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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How does a Geiger-Müller counter detect radioactivity?

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