Complete each nuclear equation.
A nuclear equation represents changes that occur during nuclear process such as radioactivity .
For a nuclear equation to be balanced ,the sum of atomic numbers on both the sides of the equation must be equal and the sum of the mass numbers on both sides of the equation must also be equal
a)2313 Al + 42 He1530 P+ 10 n
c)241Am95 → 237Np93 + 4He2
Nuclear reactions need to have the sum of protons and neutrons the same on both sides of the equation. The number of protons must also be consistent on both sides of the reaction.
Alpha decay occurs when the nucleus of an atom spontaneously ejects an alpha particle. The alpha particle is the same as a helium nucleus with 2 protons and 2 neutrons. This means the number of protons in the nucleus is reduced by 2 and the total number of nucleons is reduced by 4.
241Am95 → ZXA + 4He2
A = number of protons = 95 - 2 = 93
X = the element with atomic number = 93
According to the periodic table, X = neptunium or Np.
The mass number is reduced by 4.
Z = 241 - 4 = 237
Substitute these values into the reaction:
241Am95 → 237Np93 + 4He2