What are the generic structures of aldehydes and ketones? Write the structure of a specific aldehyde and a specific ketone.
Solution 25Q :
Aldehydes and ketones are organic compounds containing a carbonyl functional group, which is a carbon- oxygen double bond(C=O).
Aldehydes have hydrogen atom attached to the carbonyl group with either another hydrogen atom or another group which might be an alkyl group(R-group). The generic structures of Aldehydes is :
The structure of a specific aldehyde :
Consider, Ethanal(C2H4O), also called as acetaldehyde. It has structure as follows :
Ketones have 2 hydrocarbon atoms attached to the carbonyl group with either alkyl groups or hydrogen atoms. They have R-group attached on both sides of the carbonyl group.
The generic structure of ketones is :
The structure of a specific ketone:
Consider, acetone(C3H6O), also called as propanone. It has structure as follows :
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This full solution covers the following key subjects: specific, Ketones, Generic, Ketone, Aldehydes. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 25Q from chapter: 18 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. Since the solution to 25Q from 18 chapter was answered, more than 366 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “What are the generic structures of aldehydes and ketones? Write the structure of a specific aldehyde and a specific ketone.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 20 words.