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What are the generic structures of aldehydes and ketones? Write the structure of a

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 25Q Chapter 18

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 25Q

What are the generic structures of aldehydes and ketones? Write the structure of a specific aldehyde and a specific ketone.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 25Q :

Step 1:

Aldehydes and ketones are organic compounds containing a carbonyl functional group, which is a carbon- oxygen double bond(C=O).  

Aldehydes have hydrogen atom attached to the carbonyl group with either another hydrogen atom or another group which might be an alkyl group(R-group). The generic structures of Aldehydes is :

                

The structure of a specific aldehyde :

        Consider, Ethanal(C2H4O), also called as acetaldehyde. It has structure as follows :

Ketones have 2 hydrocarbon atoms attached to the carbonyl group with either alkyl groups or hydrogen atoms. They have R-group attached on both sides of the carbonyl group.

The generic structure of ketones is :

                

The structure of a specific ketone:

        Consider, acetone(C3H6O), also called as propanone. It has structure as follows :

Step 2 of 1

Chapter 18, Problem 25Q is Solved
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This full solution covers the following key subjects: specific, Ketones, Generic, Ketone, Aldehydes. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 25Q from chapter: 18 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. Since the solution to 25Q from 18 chapter was answered, more than 366 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “What are the generic structures of aldehydes and ketones? Write the structure of a specific aldehyde and a specific ketone.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 20 words.

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