What are the generic structures of aldehydes and ketones? Write the structure of a specific aldehyde and a specific ketone.
Solution 25Q :
Aldehydes and ketones are organic compounds containing a carbonyl functional group, which is a carbon- oxygen double bond(C=O).
Aldehydes have hydrogen atom attached to the carbonyl group with either another hydrogen atom or another group which might be an alkyl group(R-group). The generic structures of Aldehydes is :
The structure of a specific aldehyde :
Consider, Ethanal(C2H4O), also called as acetaldehyde. It has structure as follows :
Ketones have 2 hydrocarbon atoms attached to the carbonyl group with either alkyl groups or hydrogen atoms. They have R-group attached on both sides of the carbonyl group.
The generic structure of ketones is :
The structure of a specific ketone:
Consider, acetone(C3H6O), also called as propanone. It has structure as follows :