Explain how the two resonance structures together represent the true structure of benzene.
Here, we are going to explain how the given two resonance structures represent the true structure of benzene.
The molecular formula of benzene, C6H6, indicates a high degree of unsaturation. This molecular formula did not account for its relationship to corresponding alkanes, alkenes and alkynes.
Benzene was found to be a stable molecule and found to form a triozonide which indicates the presence of three double bonds. Benzene was further found to produce one and only one monosubstituted derivative which indicated that all the six carbon and six hydrogen atoms of benzene are identical.
On the basis of these observations August Kekulé proposed the above two structures for benzene...