Explain how the two resonance structures together

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Problem 74P Chapter 18

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 74P

Explain how the two resonance structures together represent the true structure of benzene.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 74P:

Here, we are going to explain how the given two resonance structures represent the true structure of benzene.

Step1:

The molecular formula of benzene, C6H6, indicates a high degree of unsaturation. This molecular formula did not account for its relationship to corresponding alkanes, alkenes and alkynes.  

Benzene was found to be a stable molecule and found to form a triozonide which indicates the presence of three double bonds. Benzene was further found to produce one and only one monosubstituted derivative which indicated that all the six carbon and six hydrogen atoms of benzene are identical.

On the basis of these observations August Kekulé proposed the above two structures for benzene...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 18, Problem 74P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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