A redox reaction has an = - 0.56 V. What can you conclude about the equilibrium constant () for the reaction?
a) K < 1
b) K > 1
c) K = 0
d) Nothing can be concluded about from .
I. Whistleblowing a. a certain type of action b. revealing of previously unknown information about an organization’s current practices c. done by a certain type of person i. a member of the organization d. done in certain circumstances i. when the organization’s practices are wrong/harmful to the general public 1. EX/ a. a reporter reporting info about an organization engaging in harmful behavior is not whistleblowing b. sharing already widely-known info about my company’s harmful practices is not whistleblowing c. sharing info about harmful practices my company did years ago is not whistleblowing d. if I reveal info that my organization is currently engaged in harmful practices to get famous, it is whistleblowing i. the motivation for the whistleblowing on the behalf of the whilstleblower is not relevant to the definition e. Engineers Codes i. evolution 1. 1912 – an engineer should consider the protection of a client or employer’s interest first in professional obligations a. disapproves of whistleblowing 2. 1947 a. weighs the interest of the general public and the employer equally…Makes whistleblowing a Prima Facie duty 3. 1974 – an engineer should hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public a. favors whistleblowing f. Whistleblowers not only often lose their jobs, but have trouble finding a new one b/c of their previous disloyalty. Companies do not want to hire someone who is “disloyal” even if for the right reasons g. EX/ Ford Pinto – Frank Camps (an engineer) worried (correctly) that the Pinto had an unsafe windshield and a gas tank that would explode upon impact. So, he went to his boss, who refused to do anything about it and fired Camps instead. HE DID WRONG HE DID RIGHT 1) He didn’t save any lives or 1) Takes a hit to the Ford PR change anything and they couldn’t cover up 2) He owes some kind of what they did loyalty to his company 2) He did everything he could first (went through manager/proper chain of command) before taking it publically – IMPORTANT to try internal resolution before whistleblowing h. EX/ Joseph Rose was a lawyer. The organization he worked for was making illegal payments to Nixon’s reelection campaign. He went to the board of directors and ended up fired. Ends up writing later that “white collar” crime is not really important to companies/society as a whole as long as it yields a profit i. PROS TO WHISTLEBLOWING i. Protects society ii. Can protect the workers/employees j. Loyalty to a company has to be a “Prima Facie” duty i. certain things, in particular Prima Facie Duties, require justification. If you don’t have a good reason for whistleblowing, people aren’t going to agree w/ you k. 2 MAIN REASONS TO NOT WHISTLEBLOW: i. Loyalty to employer ii. Risks you take to yourself (the stability/security of your own job) iii. ALSO: must take into consideration what the general public is going to do w/ the information you whistleblow. It could put others at risk w/ the information out there and how much would the public actually profit from the info