Make a sketch of the voltaic cell represented by the line notation. Write the overall balanced equation for the reaction and calculate .
CHEM 51 WEEK 1 INTRO TO ORGO The beginning of organic chemistry began with the formation of earth’s primordial atmosphere, when CO, NH3, CO2, HCN collided under a lot of pressure, heat, and energy, forming purines and pyrimidines, the basis of life, and amino acids, which formed peptides, proteins, and enzymes. 1828: Fredrich Wohler proved that the theory behind “vital force” was incorrect and that one could synthesize organic compounds from inorganic compounds: This lead to a structural theory—how atoms are put together to form molecules. Ionic bond: transfer of e- Covalent bond: sharing of e- Simplistic model of an atom: *mostly space *each shell contains a maximum number of e-: 2, 8, 18 *maximum stability associated with filled shells or those that contain 8 e- *electronegative elements gain e- to fill outer shell *electropositive elements donate e- to obtain filled outer shell Every bond is an exothermic reaction. We lose energy in bonds because energy + attraction are being concentrated and becoming denser, thus entropy decreases The possibilities for carbon are basically endless. Located in group 4, it has the ability to bond to almost anything and create any kind of structure. Atomic orbitals: how molecules get their shape S-orbitals: spherical p-orbitals: dumbbell shaped d-orbitals: Electron configuration rules: 1) A