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Which metal is the best reducing agent?a. Mnb. Alc. Nid.

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro ISBN: 9780321809247 1

Solution for problem 64E Chapter 18

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Problem 64E

Problem 64E

Which metal is the best reducing agent?

a. Mn

b. Al

c. Ni

d. Cr

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

The Pauli exclusion principle No two electrons in an atom can have the same quantum numbers n, l, m , and m l s – this means that an orbital can never have more than two electrons in it The Aufbau or filling principle In multielectron atoms, the electrons fill up the available energy levels (orbitals) starting with the lowest available level Orbital energies The orbitals in a multielectron atom do not have the same size or energy as the corresponding orbitals in a hydrogen atom – this is because the electrons in them experience an effective nuclear charge (Z eff) that is different from 1 (one) Effective nuclear charge Each electron is attracted to the nucleus and repelled by all the other electrons – rather than thinking about all the individual attractive and repulsive interactions it is simpler to consider the attraction as being reduced by all the repulsions » the electron experiences an effective nuclear charge Z eff which is less than the real nuclear charge

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 18, Problem 64E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

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Which metal is the best reducing agent?a. Mnb. Alc. Nid.