Why will clouds tend to form above either a flat or a mountainous island in the middle of the ocean? (?Hint:? Compare the specific heat capacity of the land with that of the water and the subsequent convection currents in the air.)
The specific heat of water is greater than that of dry soil(land),therefore water both absorbs and releases heat more slowly than land.lower heat capacity of land often allows them to cool below the nearby water temperature. When air rises,the air will cool.if their is enough water vapour in air and is enough cooling,the water vapour will condense to form water droplets that will become a cloud.this will occur at higher elevation or above the mountain peaks.hence clouds often above the mountain peaks.