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Why does cold mountain air become warm when it descends

Conceptual Physics | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321909107 | Authors: Paul G. Hewitt ISBN: 9780321909107 29

Solution for problem 13E Chapter 18

Conceptual Physics | 12th Edition

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Conceptual Physics | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321909107 | Authors: Paul G. Hewitt

Conceptual Physics | 12th Edition

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Problem 13E

Why does cold mountain air become warm when it descends into a valley?

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Because, it is adiabatically compressed. The Earth's atmosphere is transparent to solar radiation. It passes through the atmosphere and is absorbed by the ground. The ground re-emits it as heat. Some of that heat is trapped by the atmosphere, which acts like a blanket, but otherwise, within the first 10 km, the farther you get from the ground, the colder it gets. If we go even higher it actually starts warming up again due to high concentration of ozone, which emits heat. If we go even higher, it starts decreasing again, and if you go even higher, it increases again.

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 18, Problem 13E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Conceptual Physics
Edition: 12
Author: Paul G. Hewitt
ISBN: 9780321909107

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Why does cold mountain air become warm when it descends