A recipe for a souffle specifies that the measured ingredients must be exact or the souffle will not rise. The recipe calls for 6 large eggs. The size of “large” eggs can vary by 10%, according to the USDA specifications. What does this tell you about how exactly you need to measure the other ingredients?
th March 17 , 2016 HIST 201 The Second Great Awakening (GA = Great Awakening) I. Significance a. Unprecedented Church Growth i. 1780 – 457 Bapt Church ii. 1820 – 2700 Bapt Church b. New Denominations formed i. 1784 – 1K Methodists ii. 1830 – 500 K Methodists c. Catalyst for Reform movements II. Comparing 1 GA to 2 GAnd a. Similiarities i. Emotional/conversion experience ii. Geographical widespread iii. Interdenominational iv. Sense of a declension b. Differences i. 1 GA: Same clergy/same denominations | 2 GA: new clergy/denominations 1. 2 didn’t require a college education to preach ii. 1 GA: Calvinism (John Calvin) 1. Predestination/Human depravity iii. 2 GA: Arminianism (Jacob Arminius) 1. free will, certainty, perfection III. Meanings of Revivalism a. Conversion Narratives i. 3 Stages: 1. Preconversion 2. Conviction (ambiguity) 3. Conversion (assurance) b. Social Context i. Camp meetings ii. Social Order 1. Yeoman farmers: Independent men 2. Youth 3. Women 4. African American (free & slaves) IV. Spreading the word a. Shared Evangelical Methods i. Vernacular preaching (no college experience/preach from your beliefs) ii. Reading 1. American Bible Study (1816) 2. American Pamphlet Society (1825) a. Steam power press (produced thousands of pamphlets to spread around) 3. Colporters: French for backpackers a. Spread the word of God through the pamphlets/sometimes charged a penny for them 4. Newspapers a. Christian Advocate b. Denomination Methods i. Methods 1. Francis Asbury a. Didn’t care about money b. Spartan lifestyle c. Traveled ‘5K miles’ w/ just a saddlebag d. Rotated clergy 2. Circuit Riders a. 50% mortality rates by age of 30 because they would always be working and traveling 3. Class meetings a. Bible study b. Spiritual discipline c. Building church communities d. Recruited potential clergy ii. Baptists 1. Farmerpreacher method a. Decreased reliance on donations b. Worked with the income from their farm and basically preached for free 2. Protracted meetings V. Curtain Call a. Allure respectability i. Protestants 1. Build Colleges 2. Want Profession b. Schism (breaking up things) i. Clergy (Cumberland Presbyterians) ii. Slavery iii. Camp Meetings (Bapt/Presby) iv. Rev. Charles Finney 1. Successful 2. New School Presbyterian nd VI. Explaining 2 GA a. Search for community on frontier b. Search for industrial order i. Thrifty, sober,individual well suite to rising industrial in North c. Demoratization Theory i. Clergy not separate order ii. Religious feeling taken face value: you preach what you see iii. Democracy & limits VII. Leagues a. More Awakenings & Religious Pluralism b. Racial division i. African Methodists (1816) ii. 1844/45 – Mthodist & Baptist iii. Politics of religion 1. Temperance 2. Slavery: attacked and defended 3. Women’s Sufferage