Construct a truth table for each of these compound propositions.

SolutionStep 1In the Question we have to construct a truth table for each of these compound propositions. Step 2(a) p pConstruct the truth tableppp pTrueFalseFalseFalseTrueTrueStep 3(b) p pConstruct the truth tableppp pTrueFalseFalseFalseTrueFalseStep 4(c) p ( p q )Construct the truth tablepqp q p ( p q )TrueTrueTrueFalseTrueFalseTrueFalseFalseTrueTrueTrueFalseFalseFalseFalse