Evaluate each of these expressions.

Step1

Given that

An expression which we have to solve.

Step2

To find

Evaluate each of these expressions.

Step3

By using given expression we are solving

a.

First we have to solve

1 1011

--------

1 1 011 -----(1)

Now using (1) we get

1 1011

--------

1 1 000

Therefore, is 1 1000.

Step4

b.

First we have to solve

1 0101

--------

0 0101 -----(1)

Now using (1) we get

0 1000

--------

0 1101

Therefore, is 0 1101 .

Step5

c.

First...