Find a big-O estimate for the worst-case complexity in terms of number of comparisons used and the number of terms swapped by the binary insertion sort described in the preamble to Exercise 47 in Section 3.1.Preamble: The Binary insertion sort is a variation of the insertion sort that uses binary search technique (see exercise 44) rather than a linear search technique to insert the ith element in the correct place among the previously sorted elements.Exercise 44: Describe an algorithm based on the binary search for determining the correct position in which to insert new element in an already sorted list.

SOLUTIONStep 1In this problem, we are asked to find a big-O estimate for the worst complexity in terms of number of comparisons used and the number of terms swapped by the binary insertion sort.Step 2The algorithm for determining the correct position in which we have to insert a new element into an already sorted list is Procedure...