×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to University Physics - 13 Edition - Chapter 3 - Problem 47p
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to University Physics - 13 Edition - Chapter 3 - Problem 47p

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

A test rocket is launched by accelerating it along a

University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman ISBN: 9780321675460 31

Solution for problem 47P Chapter 3

University Physics | 13th Edition

  • Textbook Solutions
  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman

University Physics | 13th Edition

4 5 1 235 Reviews
23
1
Problem 47P

A test rocket is launched by accelerating it along a 200.0-m incline at 1.25 m/s2 starting from rest at point ?A? (Fig). The incline rises at 35.0? above the horizontal and at the instant the rocket leaves it its engines turn off and it is subject only to gravity (air resistance can be ignored). Find (a) the maximum height above the ground that the rocket reaches. and (b) the greatest horizontal range of the rocket beyond point A ? ?.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Week 4 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯1 Introduction to Music Literature ♪ WEEK 4 NOTES ♪ ▯ Main Theme - HARMONY AND KEY Harmony • organization of chords ⁃ chord: a combination of three or more notes sounded simultaneously ⁃ triad - fundamental chord group in music, consisting of three tones ⁃ root: bottom of chord ⁃ 3rd, 5th respective relations of other notes to chord ⁃ TYPES of TRIADS ⁃ tonic: first note of scale, root of tonic chord. Strongest feeling of rest and stability. ⁃ dominant: 5th note of scale, root of dominant chord. consonant but weaker than tonic, often leads to tonic. ⁃ V - I cadence is the most conclusive cadence in western music. ⁃ progression: a group of chords in succession, usually indication motion of some sort ⁃ cadences - resolutions at ends of musical phrases that mark a rest or pause before the next passage ⁃ IAC/PAC - Authentic cadences - V or vii chords that lead to the tonic. Voice leading and inversion position determines whether or not the cadence is perfect. ⁃ most conclusive cadence in western music (V - I) • consonance vs. dissonance - stability and rest vs. instability and need for progression ⁃ resolution is the movement from dissonance to consonance ⁃ delay in resolution can lead to differences in harmonic tension ⁃ see: cadences Key • the key of the piece is based on the tonic of the scale (scale degree 1; do) • scale is created off of do, based on pitch relation. ⁃ tonic (1), supertonic (2), mediant (3), subdominant (4), dominant (5), submediant (6), subtonic (7) ⁃ 7 “whole” scale degrees (do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti, do and variations), ⁃ Chromatic scale: 12 “half” scale degrees (do, di/ra, re, ri/me, mi, fa, fi, fi/se, sol, si/le, la, li/te, ti, do) (does not indicate any specific key) ⁃ comes from greek word “chroma” meaning color, adds color to major or minor scales ⁃ these degrees vary in MODES (different from key) • if a piece of music has a key, it is considered to be tonal. if not, it is atonal. • Major - familiar, happy. (also called Ionian mode) ⁃ do re mi fa sol la ti do ⁃ whole whole half whole whole whole half ⁃ example: U2 Beautiful Day, Taylor Swift Love Story, Beethoven’s 9th, etc. etc. • Minor - sad, melancholy ⁃ natural minor: do re me fa sol le te do (flat 3, 6, 7) ⁃ also called Aeolian mode ⁃ harmonic minor: do re me fa sol le ti do (flat 3, 6) ⁃ melodic minor: do re me fa sol la ti do te le sol fa me re do (a combination of natural and melodic) ⁃ whole half whole whole half whole whole chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 4 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯2 ⁃ example: funeral march, Bizet Farandole, Mozart’s Overture to Don Giovanni (D minor overture), Adele Set Fire to the Rain, etc. • Modulation is the change of key within a piece that provides variety ⁃ tonic is the home key, usually returned to by the end of the piece. ⁃ Sometimes pieces will shift indefinitely; other pieces may shift without notating it in the key signature, but there is definitely a different tonal center. ⁃ when you need a pivotal moment in music that cannot be described by any one chord or motif ⁃ examples: My Heart Will Go On, Love Story, Bohemian Rhapsody, some things shift from major to minor DURING the song, you just have to pay attention. ⁃ just look at this buzz feed article and you’ll understand: http://www.buzzfeed.com/ akdobbins/12-greatest-key-changes-in-pop-music ⁃ probably no examples of subtle modulation on the exam; will most likely be stark if there is (aka, obvious change to relative major or minor, or another key, etc) Baroque Period (1600 - 1750) • Significance to history - sciences and academics booming, exploration ending, colonization testing the waters and political revolution of those colonies on the horizon. ⁃ Events ⁃ Shakespeare’s Hamlet, 1600 ⁃ Jamestowne founded 1607 ⁃ Galileo’s earth orbiting the sun discovery 1610 ⁃ King James Bible 1611 ⁃ Thirty Years War 1618 - 1648 ⁃ Salem witch trials 1692 ⁃ Thermometer invented 1714 ⁃ Calculus and Physics invented ⁃ Academie of the Sciences (science was booming) ⁃ People (non-musicians) ⁃ Leeuwenhoek, Father of Microbiology ⁃ James I of England ⁃ Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz ⁃ Tirso de Molina ⁃ Rene Descartes ⁃ John Locke ⁃ Issac Newton & Gottfried Leibniz • tr ⁃ example: Judith with the head of Holofernes ⁃ c. 1530 by Lucas Cranach the ⁃ doesn’t convey action; moreso a portrait ⁃ later edition c. 1612 - 13 by Artemisia Gentile Baroque Opera • Opera ⁃ “works”:blend of multiple arts ⁃ high social status ⁃ libretto - text of the opera ⁃ collar between librettist and composer ⁃ serious and comic styles ⁃ Division of an opera s t c ⁃ A ⁃ scenes chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 4 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯3 ⁃ recitative-in a talking matter, action takes place ⁃ secco (dry) - only basso continuo ⁃ accompanied - full orchestra ⁃ aria/arietta-song for solo voice w accompaniment, portrays emotional state ⁃ da capo aria - ABA’ form ⁃ da capo- from the head/from the top ⁃ ensemble - any number involving more than 2 people, conveys a larger situation w multiple emotions and viewpoints (main characters) ⁃ chorus- adds to the atmosphere, extras, commentary to situation ⁃ overture - short orchestral introduction at the beginning of the opera ⁃ if done between acts, called a prelude • Significance in baroque period ⁃ Florentine Camerata - group of artists, poets, musicians discussing the philosophy of music ⁃ Euridice - Jacopo Peri, 1600 - earliest surviving opera ⁃ Orfeo - Claudio Monteverdi, 1607 (Monteverdi known as the father of opera) ⁃ myth/greek histories was a common theme ⁃ Court Aristocracy ⁃ first public opera houses in venice in 1637 ⁃ Castrati (see week 3 notes) • Claudio Monteverdi, the father of opera (1567 - 1643) ⁃ Musician for Court of Mantua (1590-1611) and St. Mark’s Cathedral, Venice (1613-1643) ⁃ intensely emotional style (freedom w dissonance, pizzicato and tremolo) ) 7 0 6 1 ( o e f ⁃r O ⁃ elaborate setting of Orpheus ⁃ text mirrors natural speech ⁃ word painting - stelle and sole (stars and sun) abissi and morte (abysses and death) ⁃ Tu s’e morta ⁃ recitative for Orpheus ⁃ continuo and bass lute • Henry Purcell, english opera (1659 - 1695) s u e h p r O h s i t i r⁃ B ⁃ Royal affiliations ⁃ 1677 composer to the king ⁃ 1679 organist at westminster abbey ⁃ 1682 organist at chapel royal ⁃ Dido and Aeneas, 1689 - his only true opera ⁃ written for students ⁃ minimal orchestration ⁃ many dances and prominent chorus ⁃ Libretto Virgil’s Aeneiod - significantly condensed ⁃ Dido’s Lament ⁃ descending chromatic line; stated 11 times ⁃ recitative and aria ⁃ Musical style ⁃ melodious, lively, folklike, reminiscent of English song ⁃ harsh dissonances chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 4 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯4 ⁃ ground bass- repeated musical ideas over which changing melodies are placed (basso ostinato) Chorale and Cantata • chorale - hymn tune sung to religious german text ⁃ easily sung/remembered • chorale prelude - a short piece preceding chorale based on chorale melody • church cantata - work for chorus, soloists, organ and orchestra, set to a german religious text ⁃ JS Bach wrote nearly 300, of which 200 survive ⁃ Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme ⁃ cantata no. 140 (1731) ⁃ seven movements ⁃ 1. Chorus and Orchestra ⁃ ritornello (orchestra) ⁃ chorale melody (soprano) ⁃ imitative material (lower voices) ⁃ 4. Tenor Chorale ⁃ unison violins & violas as continuo ⁃ chorale melody from tenors ⁃ 7. Chorale ⁃ unadorned chorale tune ⁃ congregation participates Oratorio - Large scale work for chorus, soloists, and orchestra. Like an opera, but more sacred text. • no staging (acting/scenery/costuming) • narrative, biblical text • many movements • George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) ⁃ not from a musical family - initially in law school ⁃ early career performing in Hamburg ⁃ moved to Italy and composed operas ⁃ 1710: court position in Germany ⁃ Success in England at royal academy of music ⁃ 1753 he was nearly blind c i s ⁃uM ⁃ operas-mostly serious, emotional virtuosic arias ⁃ oratorios - mostly old testament subjects, w developing plot (produced during lent, when operas were prohibited) ⁃ Messiah (Alleluia Chorus) 1741 ⁃ Premiered in Dublin 1742 ⁃ no central plot or characters ⁃ several revisions ⁃ early performances much smaller ⁃ 3. Aria “Ev’ry valley shall be exalted” ⁃ uses string ritornello ⁃ word painting ⁃ “exalted,” rising melisma ⁃ “every mountain and hill made low” - lower note by end of phrase ⁃ “the crooked straight” ⁃ “the rough places plain” chappythewizard.tumblr.com Week 4 MUL2010 Intro to Music Lit ▯5 ⁃ 12. Chorus: for unto us a child is born ⁃ chorus, strings, continuo ⁃ many textures ⁃ polyphonic duets, melismatic line ⁃ new text = new melodic idea ⁃ homophonic texture, loud dynamic for important text ⁃ 44. Chorus: Hallelujah - essentially the most famous chorus of all time ⁃ chorus, strings, continuo, trumpets, timpani ⁃ uses all textures ⁃ monophonic: emphatic statements ex. “For the lord god omnipotent reigneth,” ⁃ polyphonic: shouts of Hallelujah throughout and “and he shall reign forever and ever” ⁃ homophonic: beginning “Hallelujah” middle chorale-like section “And of his christ, and of his christ” ▯ ▯ ▯ Thanks for reading these study notes! Good luck! Any questions or comments visit chappythewizard.tumblr.com find more notes on Music Lit, Theory, and History on Studysoup! chappythewizard.tumblr.com

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 3, Problem 47P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: University Physics
Edition: 13
Author: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman
ISBN: 9780321675460

Since the solution to 47P from 3 chapter was answered, more than 282 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: University Physics, edition: 13. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 47P from chapter: 3 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:07PM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: rocket, point, horizontal, Incline, its. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 26 chapters, and 2929 solutions. University Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321675460. The answer to “A test rocket is launched by accelerating it along a 200.0-m incline at 1.25 m/s2 starting from rest at point ?A? (Fig). The incline rises at 35.0? above the horizontal and at the instant the rocket leaves it its engines turn off and it is subject only to gravity (air resistance can be ignored). Find (a) the maximum height above the ground that the rocket reaches. and (b) the greatest horizontal range of the rocket beyond point A ? ?.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 80 words.

Other solutions

People also purchased

Related chapters

Unlock Textbook Solution

Enter your email below to unlock your verified solution to:

A test rocket is launched by accelerating it along a