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# BIO Forearm. I n the human arm, the forearm and hand pivot ISBN: 9780321675460 31

## Solution for problem 72P Chapter 11

University Physics | 13th Edition

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Problem 72P

BIO Forearm. I ? n the human arm, the forearm and hand pivot about the elbow joint. Consider a simplified model in which the biceps muscle is attached to the forearm 3.80 cm from the elbow joint. Assume that the person’s hand and forearm together weigh 15.0 N and that their center of gravity is 15.0 cm from the elbow (not quite halfway to the hand). The forearm is held horizontally at a right angle to the upper arm, with the biceps muscle exerting its force perpendicular to the forearm. (a) Draw a free-body diagram for the forearm, and find the force exerted by the biceps when the hand is empty. (b) Now the person holds an 80.0-N weight in his hand, with the forearm still horizontal. Assume that the center of gravity of this weight is 33.0 cm from the elbow. Draw a free-body diagram for the forearm, and find the force now exerted by the biceps. Explain why the biceps muscle needs to be very strong. (c) Under the conditions of part (b), find the magnitude and direction of the force that the elbow joint exerts on the forearm. (d) While holding the 80.0-N weight, the person raises his forearm until it is at an angle of 53.0o above the horizontal. If the biceps muscle continues to exert its force perpendicular to the forearm, what is this force now? Has the force increased or decreased from its value in part (b)? Explain why this is so, and test your answer by doing this with your own arm.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 72P Step 1 of 5: Step 2 of 5: a) Elbow =0 F (3.8 cm) = (15 N)(15 cm ) and F = 59.2 N B B Step 3 of 5: b) Elbow =0 F B3.8 cm) = (15 N)(15 cm ) + (80 N) + 33 cm) and F = 75B N

Step 4 of 5

Step 5 of 5

##### ISBN: 9780321675460

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