Problem 60E

Show that if p is an odd prime, then there are exactly (p ‒ l)/2 quadratic residues of p among the integers 1,2,…, p‒ 1.

If p is an odd prime and a is an integer not divisible by p. the Legendre symbol is defined to be 1 if a is a quadratic residue of p and ‒ 1 otherwise.

Chemistry Lecture 7 Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium Dynamics of Chemical Reactions and Microscopic Reversibility Reactions can be reversible and dynamic when rate of forward and reverse reaction are equal reaction arrows in each direction can denote this Equilibrium does not mean same amount of reactant and product concentrations do not need to be equal can go in favor of products or reactants (can be determined by which you have relatively more of) an expression equilibrium constant =K eq (make sure its a capital K) equilibrium constant only changes when temperature changes Rate constant does not have to be equal fo