Problem 1E

DNA molecules consist of chemically linked sequences of the bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, denoted A, G, C, and T. A sequence of three bases is called a codon. A base may appear more than once in a codon.

a. How many different codons are there?

b. The bases A and G are purines, while C and T are pyrimidines. How many codons are there whose first and third bases are purines and whose second base is a pyrimidine?

c. How many codons consist of three different bases?

Answer

Step 1 of 3

There are four bases A,C,G and T

A sequence of three bases are called codon

a) The number of possible codons are 4(4)(4)=64