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Get Full Access to Statistics For Engineers And Scientists - 4 Edition - Chapter 3 - Problem 23se
Get Full Access to Statistics For Engineers And Scientists - 4 Edition - Chapter 3 - Problem 23se

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# If X1,X2, ..., Xn are independent and unbiased ISBN: 9780073401331 38

## Solution for problem 23SE Chapter 3

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition

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Problem 23SE

If $$X_{1}, X_{2^{\prime} \cdots}, X_{n}$$ are independent and unbiased measurements of true values $$\mu_{1}, \mu_{2} \cdots \mu_{n}$$, and $$U\left(X_{1}, X_{2^{\prime \prime}},, X_{n}\right)$$ is a nonlinear function of $$X_{1}, X_{2^{\prime} \cdots}, X_{n}$$, then in general $$U\left(X_{1}, X_{2^{\prime \prime}},, X_{n}\right)$$.
is a biased estimate of the true value $$U\left(\mu_{1}, \mu_{2}, \ldots, \mu_{n}\right.$$. A bias-corrected estimate is $$U\left(X_{1^{\prime}}, X_{2^{\prime \prime}}\right)-(1 / 2) \sum_{i=1}^{n}\left(\partial^{2} U / \partial X_{i}^{2}\right) \sigma_{X_{i}}^{2}$$.When air enters a compressor at pressure $$P_{1}$$ and leaves at pressure $$P_{2}$$, the intermediate pressure is given by . Assume that $$P_{1}=8.1 \pm 0.1 \mathrm{MPa}$$ and $$P_{2}=15.4 \pm 0.2 M P a$$.

a. Estimate$$P_{3}$$, and find the uncertainty in the estimate, without bias correction.

b. Compute the bias-corrected estimate of $$P_{3}$$.

c. Compare the difference between the bias-corrected and non-bias-corrected estimates to the uncertainty in the non-bias-corrected estimate. Is bias correction important in this case? Explain.

Equation Transcription:    ,       Text Transcription:

X_1,X_2,...,X_n

mu_1,mu_2,...mu_n

U(X_1,X_2,...,X_n)

U(X_1,, X_2,...,)-(1/2)i= sigma_i=1^n(partial^2U/partial X_i^2) X_i^2

P_1

P_2

P_3= sqrt P_1 P_2

P_1=8.10 pm .1MPa

P_2=15.4 pm 0.2MPa

P_3

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution :

Step 1 of 3:

Let are independent and are unbiased measurement values.

Then a bias-correct estimate is  Where is non linear function .

Given,

A compressor at pressure and

Leaves at pressure .

Then the intermediate pressure is given by .

We assume that MPa and MPa.

Our goal is :

a). We need to estimate and we have to find uncertainty in the estimate , without bias correction.

b). We need to compute the bias-corrected estimate of .

e). We need to find is bias correction important in this case? Explain.

a).

Now we have to estimate and we have to find uncertainty in the estimate , without bias correction.

Then the intermediate pressure is is We know that and    MPa

Therefore the intermediate pressure is is 11.1687 MPa.

Given MPa

We consider and And MPa.

We consider and .

Here we are differentiating with respect to .  Here Then,     Therefore is 0.6894

Here we are differentiating with respect to . Here Then,     Therefore is 0.3626             0.10

Therefore MPa.

Step 2 of 3

Step 3 of 3

##### ISBN: 9780073401331

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073401331. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Statistics for Engineers and Scientists , edition: 4. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 23SE from chapter: 3 was answered by , our top Statistics solution expert on 06/28/17, 11:15AM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: bias, estimate, corrected, pressure, uncertainty. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 153 chapters, and 2440 solutions. Since the solution to 23SE from 3 chapter was answered, more than 374 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “?If $$X_{1}, X_{2^{\prime} \cdots}, X_{n}$$ are independent and unbiased measurements of true values $$\mu_{1}, \mu_{2} \cdots \mu_{n}$$, and $$U\left(X_{1}, X_{2^{\prime \prime}},, X_{n}\right)$$ is a nonlinear function of $$X_{1}, X_{2^{\prime} \cdots}, X_{n}$$, then in general $$U\left(X_{1}, X_{2^{\prime \prime}},, X_{n}\right)$$.is a biased estimate of the true value $$U\left(\mu_{1}, \mu_{2}, \ldots, \mu_{n}\right.$$. A bias-corrected estimate is $$U\left(X_{1^{\prime}}, X_{2^{\prime \prime}}\right)-(1 / 2) \sum_{i=1}^{n}\left(\partial^{2} U / \partial X_{i}^{2}\right) \sigma_{X_{i}}^{2}$$.When air enters a compressor at pressure $$P_{1}$$ and leaves at pressure $$P_{2}$$, the intermediate pressure is given by . Assume that $$P_{1}=8.1 \pm 0.1 \mathrm{MPa}$$ and $$P_{2}=15.4 \pm 0.2 M P a$$.a. Estimate$$P_{3}$$, and find the uncertainty in the estimate, without bias correction.b. Compute the bias-corrected estimate of $$P_{3}$$.c. Compare the difference between the bias-corrected and non-bias-corrected estimates to the uncertainty in the non-bias-corrected estimate. Is bias correction important in this case? Explain.Equation Transcription:, Text Transcription:X_1,X_2,...,X_nmu_1,mu_2,...mu_nU(X_1,X_2,...,X_n)U(X_1,, X_2,...,)-(1/2)i= sigma_i=1^n(partial^2U/partial X_i^2) X_i^2P_1 P_2P_3= sqrt P_1 P_2P_1=8.10 pm .1MPaP_2=15.4 pm 0.2MPaP_3” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 152 words.

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