A circle C of radius 2r has its center at the origin. A circle of radius r rolls without slipping in the counterclockwise direction around C. A point P is located on a fixed radius of the rolling circle at a distance b from its center, 0 , b , r. [See parts (i) and (ii) of the figure.] Let L be the line from the center of C to the center of the rolling circle and let be the angle that L makes with the positive x-axis. (a) Using as a parameter, show that parametric equations of the path traced out by P are x b cos 3 1 3r cos y b sin 3 1 3r sin Note: If b 0, the path is a circle of radius 3r; if b r, the path is an epicycloid. The path traced out by P for 0 , b , r is called an epitrochoid. (b) Graph the curve for various values of b between 0 and r. (c) Show that an equilateral triangle can be inscribed in the epitrochoid and that its centroid is on the circle of radius b centered at the origin. Note: This is the principle of the Wankel rotary engine. When the equilateral triangle rotates with its vertices on the epitrochoid, its centroid sweeps out a circle whose center is at the center of the curve. (d) In most rotary engines the sides of the equilateral triangles are replaced by arcs of circles centered at the opposite vertices as in part (iii) of the figure. (Then the diameter of the rotor is constant.) Show that the rotor will fit in the epitrochoid if b < 3 2 s2 2 s3 dr. (ii) y P x P y x r b P=P 2r (i) (iii)

Calculus notes for week of 9/19/16 3.6 Derivatives as Rates of Change Velocity is measured as: V ave(t+∆t) or s(b) – s(a) ∆t b – a (Change in position over change in time.) S’’(t) = V’(t) = A(t) (From left to right: S=Position, V= Velocity, and A=Acceleration) Average and Marginal Cost Suppose C(x) gives the total cost to produce x units of a good cost. Sometimes,...