Calculate io in the op amp circuit of Fig. 5.85.
Psychology of Aging Weekly Notes: Widowhood and Depression Widowhood There is a greater ratio of widowed women than men in the United States, and it increases as age increases AGE Males Females 45-54 1.4% 5.5% 55-64 3.3% 18.0% 65-74 8.9% 36.6% 74+ 23.4%65.8% After a spouse dies, insurance companies need to be called to change beneficiaries. Credit Card Companies – to transfer card to the survivor’s name State Dept. of Motor Vehicles – to change the title of vehicles Financial Institutions – to change signature cards on joint accounts Stockbrokers/Financial Advisor – to change jointly owned investments Attorney – to update will Widows go into shock, emotional release, depression/loneliness and a sense of isolation, physical symptoms of distress, feelings of panic, sense of guilt, anger or rage, inability to return to usual activities, the gradual regaining of hope, acceptance once lives adjust to reality DSM 5 Diagnosis of Bereavement Presentation may include symptoms characteristic of a major depression such as sadness, insomnia, poor appetite and weight loss – person does not view them as abnormal Duration of symptoms can vary from culture to culture and person to person MDD generally not diagnosed before 2 months after the loss MDD more likely if thoughts of death beyond feeling should have died with decreased person, excessive sense of worthlessness, marked psychomotor retardation, prolonged and marked functional impairment, hallucinations other than of hearing seeing the deceased person, excessive guilt beyond actions taken or not taken at time of deceased death. Depression Importance of Undertreated Depression: In 2000, persons over 65 made of 13% of the population and yet accounted for 18% of the completed suicides Diagnosing Depression in the Elderly Criteria A: 5 or more of the symptoms present for 2 weeks with at least one symptom is either 1, depressed mood or 2, loss of interest or pleasure Depressed mood most of the day nearly every day, markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all or almost all activities, significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain, insomnia/hypersomnia, psychomotor agitation or retardation, fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt, diminished ability to think or concentrate or indecisiveness, recurrent thought of death or suicidality