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Fill in the blank: If the null hypothesis is H0: µ. ? 5,

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780073401331 | Authors: William Navidi ISBN: 9780073401331 38

Solution for problem 11E Chapter 6.1

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition

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Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780073401331 | Authors: William Navidi

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition

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Problem 11E

Fill in the blank: If the null hypothesis is H0: µ. ≤ 5, then the mean of under the null distribution is ______

i. 0

ii. 5

iii Any number less than or equal to 5.

iv We can't tell unless we know H1.

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4 subfields of CulturalAnthropology,Archaeology,Physical anthropology and Anthropology,Linguisticanthropology the primary concerns of each subfield Absolute dating Methods accuratelyprovideagesofsamples.Based onthephysicalorchemicalpropertiesofthe materialsontheartifact. Acculturation Aformofculturalchangeinwhichaminorityculture becomesmorelikethedominantculture(adapting) Adaptation Geneticchangesthatgivethepersoneleabetter chancetosurviveandreproducethanthosewithout thegeneticchangeinthesameenvironment. Agency thecapacityofindividualstoactindependentlyand maketheirownchoices Agriculture Reliesonanimalpower, mechanizedtechnology,and non-mechanizedtechnologyforproduction Ambilineal Thecouplemayresidewitheitherthehusband'sor wife'sgroup Anthropology Thestudyofhumanityincludingitsprehistoric originsandcontemporaryhumandiversity Arranged marriage vs Arrangedmarriageisthemarriagewherethebride non arranged andgroomareselectedbytheirfamilieswhile marriage normalmarriageischosenbyyourself. Assimilation Aformofculturalchangeinwhichacultureishighly calculatedor de-culturedandisnolonger distinguishableorunique Australopithecines Firstinthelineageoftheuprightprimates;we belongtothislineage 1 Avunculocal Aresidencepatterninwhichthemarriedcouplelives withornearthehusband'smother'sbrothe r Band Politicalorganizationofforaginggroups,with minimalleadershipandflexible Belief System faithbasedonaseriesofbeliefsbutnotformalized intoareligion;asetofbeliefsinacommunityor society Bilateral GenericAmericancultureis bilateral;equalonboth sides,potentiallyhugegroupofpeople Biology vs. Culture skillsarepassedonculturallythroughlearningnot genes,biologydeterminesgenes Biomedical model Thebiomedicalmodelofillnessandhealingfocuses onpurelybiologicalfactors,andexcludes psychological,environmental,andsocialinfluences. (howhealthcareprofessionalscandiagnose conditions) Bipedalism Firstfeaturetodistinguishusfromotherprimates Bride Price Aneconomicexchangeformarriageto sealmarriage Carolus Linnaeus Swedishbotanist(plantguy)hedesignedasystemto nameplantsandanimals Carrying capacity Maximumpopulationsizeofthespeciesthatthe environmentcansustainindefinitely Caste Formofsocialstratification linkedwithHinduism and basedonapersonsbirthintoaparticulargroup Chiefdom Formofpoliticalorganizationinwhichpermanently alliedtribesandvillageshaveonerecognizedleader whoholdsan"office" Class arankedgroupwithinastratifiedsociety characterizedbyachievedstatusandconsiderable socialmobility 2 Code Switching Shiftingfromonelanguagetoanother(sometimes forstrategicpurposes) Compatibility theory women'staskstendtobethosemostcompatible withchildcare. Corvee unpaidlaborrequiredbythecolonialgovernment. TheBritishcompelledsubjectstoworkforuptoone month Craft specialization occupationspecialization-productionspecificallyfor usebyindividualsorcommunitiesotherthanthe producers,continues socialprocessandnotastateof being. Creationism Startedonareligiousbeliefoftheearth'supcoming cross cousin Offspringofeitherone'sfather'ssisterorones mother'sbrother Crow Kinship Kintermsusedbysomematrilinealpeoplesthat extendthetermforone'sfatherandfather'ssisterto includecross-cousinsonthepaternalside. Cultural Relativism Atheorythatstatesthatbeliefsandpracticesmustbe understoodaccordingtothepurpose,functionor meaningtheyhaveforthepeop leinthesocietiesin whichtheyexist. Cultural ecology Theorythatteachesthatculturecanbeunderstoodin termsofhowpeopleadaptandinteractwiththe environment Cultural evolution Culturalchangeovertime,notallchangesare positive Cultural Materialism Atheorythatunderstandscultureasdrivenbythe material,ecologicalandeconomicadaptations humansmake. 3 Cultural syndromes Patternsofsymptomsthatarelimitedtocertainsocial groups,thatarenamedandrecognizedinthese socialgroupsanddonotcorrespondtosyndrome namesorrecognizedinscientificbiomedicine. Culture Peopleslearnedandsharedbehaviorsandbeliefs.Its learned,shared,changed,integrated,inherited, symbolic,anduniversal. Dialect shared,uniquelinguisticcharacteristicsofa languagecommunity Different forms of Shamanic(supernaturalbeings,meditates), religion Monotheistic(beliefinonegod),Olympian(Greek gods),Communal(communityspirit) Different types of Polygyny(manmarriesmorethanonewoman, marriage polyandry(womanmarriesmorethanoneman), Monogamy(Manmarriesonewoman) Diffusion Flowofinformationfromoneculturetoanother Division of Labor Rulesthatgovernassignmentjobstopeopleaka mengetthephysicallyharderjobs(strengththeory, compatibilitywithchildcaretheory,economyof efforttheory,expendabilitytheory) Dowry Presentationofgoodsbythebride'skintothe groomskin(lesscommon) Early tool technology Paleolithic,Neolithic Economy of effort Peopleofeachsextakeontasksthatareeasierfor theirsextoaccomplish Egalitarian Societieswhereeverythingisdistributedevenly (commoninbandlevelsocieties) ego Thepersoninkinshipdiagramsfromwhosepointof viewtherelationshipsaretraced Emic Insideperspective 4 Endogamy Marriagewithinaparticulargrouporlocality Ethnicity groupofpeoplewhosharemanyofthesamecultural features Ethnocentrism beliefthatyourcultureisbetterthananother's& judgeotherculturesbasedonyourown Ethnogenesis Processbywhichethnicgroupscomeintobeingand gaintheirculturalcharacteristics Ethnography Adescriptionofasocietyanditsculturebasedon extensivefieldwork Ethnohistory studyingpastculturesusingolddata Ethnology Comparativeanalysisofdifferentcultures Etic Outsideperspective Evidence Somethinglikedataorinformationtobackupa belieforproposition(artifacts,facts, fossils) Evolution howtheprocessofalivingorganismisthoughtto havedevelopedfromtheearlierformsoftheearth's history Examples of evolution pepperedmoths(colorischangingduetonatural selection) Exogamy Marriageoutsideaparticular grouporlocality Expendability theory Menengageinmoredangeroustasksbecausethey arebetterequipped(inanevolutionarysense). Extended family Adomesticunitwithmorethanoneparentchildunit Field methods for fieldwork,ethnography,qualitative&quantitivedata, cultural anthropology fieldnotes,informant,research,collectdata,analyze data,interview,analyze,survey,focusgroup, Field Notes Dailydescriptivenotesrecordedbyananthropologist duringorafteranobservation ofaspecific phenomenonoractivity 5 Fight or flight Preparesthestressedindividualimmediatelywith internalchangestofightorfleeastressfulscene(aids survival) Four Field approach gatheringcultural,linguistic,archaeological,and biological data gender Thewaysmembersofthe2sexesareperceived, evaluatedandhowthey'resupposedtobehave Generalized form ofreciprocityinwhichgoodsaregivenwithout reciprocity expectationofareturnofequalvalue(ex.Parenting) Genes Fundamentalheritableunitresponsibleforthe formationofanorganism Globalization Worldwideprocess,datingbacktothefallofthe Berlinwall.Involvesarevolutionininformation technology,adramaticopeningofmarketsandthe privatizationofsocial services;increasesglobal connectivity. Gregor Mendel Responsibleforthelawsofinheritance(Fatherof genetics)hesaidthatoffspringtraitsretained characteristics H. erectus age35,000ya.Usedoldowan,achevleantechnology H. Neandertalensis wideandhighnose,occipitalbun,midfacial programation Hawaiian kinship Allrelativesofthesamegenderandgenerationhave thesamename Hegemony Dominanceofonesocialgroupoveranother(one rulestheother)withconsent Hierarchical Linnaeus classification Kingdom,Phylum,Class,Order,Family,Genus, Species 6 Historical Everycultureisdifferent Particularism Historical Linguistics Classifyingandconstructingafamilytreeof languages&reconstructextinctlanguages. Holistic thestudyofthewholehumancondition:past, presentandfuture;biology,society,language,and culture Hominid BipedalPrimates Hominin HomonidsexcludingtheAfricanapes;allthehuman speciesthathaveeverexisted Homo Erectus & Tools usedbyhomoerectustohuntandgather.Hand Acheulian axesaremostcommon Homo Habilis & toolmakingbyHomoHabilis(splittingpebbles) Oldowan (kindoflikeaknifeusedtocut,chop,andscrape) Homozygous vs Heterozygousisanorganismthathas 2different Heterozygous allelesforatrait(hybrid),whilehomozygousisan organismthathas2identicalallelesforatrait (purebred) Horticulture Amodeoflivelihoodbasedongrowingdomesticated cropsingardens,usingsimplehandtools. Human Variation the rangeofpossiblevaluesforanymeasurable characteristic,physicalormentalofhumanbeings Hunting and foragingforfood/collectingfood gathering Hypothesis Tentativeexplanationoftherelationbetweencertain phenomena Inca Organizedwithempire of4quartersdividedinto bureaucraticunits.Cuzcowasthecapitalandcenter oftheworld. Incest havingasexualrelationshipwithakin(relative) 7 Increasing complexity thenewdiscoveriesofnewtechnology Infanticide Purposelykillinginfants Informant Apersonwhoprovidesinformationabouthisorher culturetotheethnographicfieldworker Intensive agriculture form offarmingthatemploysplows,draftanimals, irrigation,fertilizerandsuchtobringmuchland undercultivationatonetime andtouseityearafter andtoproducesignificantcropsurplus Interpretivist Looksatmeaning,howpeopleindifferentcultures approach label/describe/experienceillnessandhow healing methodsoffermeaningfulresponsestoindividual andcommunalstress Intersex neitherambiguouslymaleorfemale Interview informal:unstructuredconversationsineverydaylife. Formal:structuredquestion/answersession(carefully recorded) Inuit Kinship Usuallyamother,father,andtheirchildrenlive together. mostcommonintheU.S.,associatedwith bilateraldescent. Iroquois Kinship Kinshipsysteminwhichafatherandfather'sbrother arereferredtobyasingleterm,andamotherand mother'ssisterarereferredtobyasingleterm.Buta fatherssisterandmothersbrotheraregivenseparate terms. Key hominid species, Theyhavecharacteristicsofhumansandactlike characteristics, and broad them. evolutionary trends (bipedalism increased cranial capacity, tool use, decreased prognathous, ect 8 Kin chart Pedigreetoshowbirthlinks Kinship Connectionswithfiguringoutreproductionand nutrition(whomarrieswho,who'sinchargeofwho, wheretheyshouldlive,ect.) Kula ring Aformofbalancedreciprocitythatreinforcestrade andsocialrelations amongtheseafaring Melanesianswhoinhabitalargeringintheislandsin thesouthwesternpacificoceanITISATRADING NETWORK Kwakiutl Weddinginvolveswholecommunity,affectspolitical status,involvesreligion,songsarewrittendancesare preformedandcostumesareconstructed Lineage Unilinealdescentgroupwho'smemberscantrace theirlineofdescenttoacommonancestor Magic Thebeliefthatsupernaturalpowerscanbecompelled todoeithergoodorevilthroughritualpractices. Major evolutionary Bipedalism,increaseinbrainsize,stonetoolmaking benchmarks Market exchange ablendofredistributionandreciprocity.Thereisa competitivebuyingandsellingofcommodities whosevalueisbasedonthelawsofsupplyand demand.Market exchangesrequirepeaceinthe marketplace. Matrilineal Kinshipistracedthroughfemaleline Matrilocal Aresidencepatterninwhichthemarriedcouplelives withornearthewife'srelatives Meaning explanationofsomething Means of production includeland,labor,andtechnology Medical Anthropology applicationofanthropologicaltheoriesandmethods toquestionsofhealth,illness,medicineandhealing 9 Medium Personwhosepowersofdivinationandhealing derivefromconnectionstospiritsand areableto communicatewiththemthroughdreamsand possession Miner’s Nacimera Naciremaarticle;critiquingowncultureandhow article othersseeourculture Mismating relationshipinwhichsexrelationsareforbiddenbut notbecausekinship Modes of production Foragins,horticulture,pastoralism,agriculture, industrialism Monogamy Marriagebetween2people Monotheism beliefinonegod/goddess Morph Linguisticscallthisthesmallestunitoflanguage Morpheme oneormoremorphsmakeupa morpheme Morphology Shapeoflanguageorshapeofwords Mutation onlysourceofnewgeneticvariationbecauseit producesnewalleles. Myths about evolution Stasis(ideathattheworldisfixedandunchanging), Thegreatchainofbeing(ideathatlifeisaseriesof creationsreflectingperfectorganismsfromthemost lowlyformstohumans,angelsandgod),Design (ideaofadivinewatchmakerandthatgod's"plan"as revealedbycreation) Neoclassical aresidencepatterninwhichthemarriedcouplehas itsownplaceofresidenceapartfrom therelativesof theotherspouse Nomadic someonewhomovesfromoneplacetoanother ratherthansettlingpermanentlysomewhere Norms Expectedformofbehavior 10 Nuclear Family Domesticunitwithoneadultcouplewithorwithout children Omaha Kinship Kintermsusedbysomepatrilinealpeoplesthat extendthetermforone'smotherandmother's brothertoincludecross-cousinsonthematernalside. parallel cousin Offspringofeitheronesfather'sbrotherorones mother'ssister Participant Combinessocialparticipationandobservationin observation community,detailsaboutdailylife,focusonlimited numberofpeoplewithinterviewsanddiscussionsto collectdata Pastoralism Amodeoflivelihoodbasedonkeepingdomesticated animalsandusingtheirproducts,suchasmeatand milkformostofthediet Patrilineal Kinshipistracedthroughmaleline Patrilocal Aresidencepatterninwhichthemarriedcouplelives withorneartherelativesofthehusbands father Phone soundmadeinanylanguage Phoneme Soundthatmakesadifferenceforameaningina language Phonology Howwemakesound Pilgrimage Roundtriptraveltoasacredplaceorplacesfora religiousdevotionorritual Political economy Power isdistributedwithinasocietysoastocontrol people'sbehaviorandmaintainsocialorder Polygyny Marriagebetweenmultiplespouses(manmarries morethanonewoman) Post partum sex taboo rulethatahusbandandwifemustabstainfromany sexual activityforaperiodoftimeafterthebirthofa child 11 Potlatch Aformofcompetitivegiveawayfoundamongnative Americansfromthenorthwestcoastthatservesasa mechanismforbothachievingsocialstatusand disturbinggoods Prestige Socialhonor orrespectwithasociety Priest Typeofreligiousspecialistfoundinculturesableto supportfulltimespecialists.Theyarenotheld accountablefortheirsuccessorfailure Primates Fury,longgestationfollowedbylivebirth,abilityto maintain bodytemperature,increasedbrainsize, capacityforlearningandbehavioralflexibility Principles of Natural Thosewhoaremostsuccessfulatreproducingin Selection specificenvironmentsareselected,variant individualsoccur,somehavesuperiorfitness,ability toreproducesuccessfulsurvivingoffspring,changes overlongtimewithenvironmentalisolationand createsshiftsinspecies(adaptation) Qualities Peopleswords,actions,records,andaccounts obtainedfromparticipant-observation,interviews, groupinterviews,andrelevantproblems Quantities Thedatathatiscountedandinterpretedthrough statisticalanalyses Race Sociallyconstructednotbiological,asubgroupofthe humanpopulationwhoshareagreaternumberof physicaltraitswith oneanotherthanothers Racism Beliefthatyourraceisbetterthanothersandjudging anotherrace Ranked society Thisformofsocietyhasalimitednumberofhigh rankingsocialpositionsthatgrantauthority,usually 12 attainedthroughkinshipties.Chiefdomsandsome tribesusethissystem Rapport Aharmoniousrelationship Reciprocity Amodeofdistributioncharacterizedbytheexchange ofgoodsandservicesofapproximatelyequalvalue betweenparties Redistribution Aformofeconomicexchangein whichgoodsand servicesaregivenbymembersofagrouptoacentral authority(likeachief)thendistributedbacktothe doors(usuallyintheformofafeast) Relative dating Doesnotidentifyactualdate,placeseventsin sequenceofwhentheyhappened. Religion Anothermechanismforteachingandenforcing correctbehavior(supernaturalbeliefs)Basedon death,dreams,trances,fearofmortality,and maintenanceoforder Residence patterns AdaptiveecologicallyandsociallyPatrilocal, Patrilocal, ambilocal,neolocal,avunculocal.(where personmovestolive) Robust vs Gracie Onlydifferentinrobusticityofskill,notbodysize,all differencesderivefrommusclesofmastication- chewinghardfoods. Sapir-Whorf Theorythatlanguageshapespeople's viewofreality Sedentism Lifeinpermanentsettlements Sex biologicalaspectofbeingmaleorfemale Sexual dimorphism Differencesinphysicalcharacteristicsbetweenmales andfemales.Ex:malesaretalleronaverage Sexuality apatternofhumanbehaviorthatinvolveseroticand emotionalReponsestoothers.Itinvolvesbeing 13 attractedtoothersandtypesofsexualbehaviorand characteristicshavingtodowithsex Shaman Aparttimereligiousspecialistwhoisthoughttohave supernaturalpowersbyvirtueofbirth,trainingor inspiration Single Origin (out of Thesingleoriginhypothesisstatesthatallmodern Africa) vs. humansevolvedfromArchaicH.sapiens.Whilethe Multiregional multiregionalhypothesis statestatmodernhumans Hypothesis evolvedsimultaneouslyindifferentareasfrom regionalpopulationsofH.erectus Social movement Typeofgroupaction.Theyarelarge,sometimes informal,groupingsofindividualsororganizations whichfocusonspecificpolitical/socialissues Social organization waysinwhichsocietydividesitselfintosmaller groups Sociolinguists Studyofhowlanguageandsocialfactorssuchas ethnicity,socialclass,age,genderandeducationare related Sorcerer Theactofcertain magicalritesforthepurposeof harmingotherpeople Speciation processeswhichnewspeciesarise,ithappenstoo fasttoshowupinfossilsbuttooslowtoseeinliving populations State Formofpoliticalorganizationwhereacentralized politicalunitencompassescommunities Status Aperson'spositionorstandinginsociety Stratified basedonstatus,peoplearerankedbasedon differentcharacteristics Stratigraphy layersofrock,verygeneralrelativedating,nospecific dating,importantfor supportingchronometricdating 14 Strength theory greaterstrengthofmalesandtheirsuperiorcapacity tomobilizestrengthinquickburstsofenergy Stress responses Physiologicaladaptationsdesignedtore-establish balance Structural Aspectsofcultureexisttomaintainsocietystructure fundamentalism notjustindividualneeds Structuralism dividesculturalresponsesintopairs,andfocusedon understandinghowaculturegroupedandkeyed thoseresponses Subculture agroupwithinalargegroupthatliveswithageneral normbutpreservesuniqueroots Subsistence practices Theminimalresourcesthatarenecessaryforsurvival. Sundanese Kinship Kinshipsysteminwhichallfamilymembersare givenseparateterms. Theory Anexplanationofnatural phenomenasupportedby reliabledata Time Space Advancementsintechnologymakecommunicating Compression throughouttheworldeasierandfaster,makingthe worlda"smallerplace" Transculturation introductionofforeignelementsintoestablished elementsintoanestablishedcultureforcultural change. Tribe Apoliticalgroupthatcompromisesseveralbandsor lineagegroups Trobriand islanders completesexualfreedomuntilmarriage,startyoung at12-13,playsex,openjokesaboutsexanddirty jokes, sexualculturebutoncemarriedbecomesmore private.STATUSDETERMINEDBYKULARINGSOF TRADINGGOODS 15 Umbanda Africanslavesinbrazilwhowantedtocreateastrictly Brazilianreligionthatwasstilldeeplyrootedwith theirAfricanroots.200million aremembersof Umbanda Values emotionallychargedpreferences Wealth Ownershipofvaluedmaterialgoods,including resources-totalvalueofallpropertyownedminus amountofdebtowedontheland Witch Usestheuseofpsychicpowertocauseharmto others Yanomamo Yanomamosbelievethatthecosmosconsistof4 parallelplanesorlayers;thetoplayerismostly emptybutwasonceoccupiedbyancientbeings,the secondlayer(sky)isthehomeofthespiritsofdead menandwomen,itresemblestheear theexceptthat thehuntingisbetterandfoottastesbetterandthe spiritsofpeopleareyoungandbeautiful,thethirst layeristheearthandbelow theartisthefourthlayer whichistheunderworld. A. A. A. Afarensis Anamenis Africanus Homo Homo Habilis Homo Erectus Neandertalensis Homo Sapiens 16

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Chapter 6.1, Problem 11E is Solved
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Textbook: Statistics for Engineers and Scientists
Edition: 4
Author: William Navidi
ISBN: 9780073401331

The full step-by-step solution to problem: 11E from chapter: 6.1 was answered by , our top Statistics solution expert on 06/28/17, 11:15AM. Statistics for Engineers and Scientists was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073401331. This full solution covers the following key subjects: null, III, distribution, equal, fill. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 153 chapters, and 2440 solutions. The answer to “Fill in the blank: If the null hypothesis is H0: µ. ? 5, then the mean of under the null distribution is ______i. 0________________ii. 5________________iii Any number less than or equal to 5.________________iv We can't tell unless we know H1.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 40 words. Since the solution to 11E from 6.1 chapter was answered, more than 303 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Statistics for Engineers and Scientists , edition: 4.

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Fill in the blank: If the null hypothesis is H0: µ. ? 5,