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In a study of the relationship of the shape of a tablet to

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780073401331 | Authors: William Navidi ISBN: 9780073401331 38

Solution for problem 2E Chapter 6.7

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition

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Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780073401331 | Authors: William Navidi

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition

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Problem 2E

In a study of the relationship of the shape of a tablet to its dissolution time, 6 disk-shaped ibuprofen tablets and 8 oval-shaped ibuprofen tablets were dissolved

in water. The dissolve times, in seconds, were as follows:

Disk: 269.0 249.3 255.2 252.7 247.0 261.6

Oval: 268.8 260.0 273.5 253.9 278.5 289.4

261.6 280.2

Can you conclude that the mean dissolve times differ between the two shapes?

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 1 General Characteristics of Vitamins 1. Small, organic compounds. 2. Usually obtained from food. a. Synthesized by body b. Precursor compounds. 3. Essential to life. 4. Each has a specific function. 5. Regulate body processes. 6. Contain no kcalories. 7. Toxicity at mega doses: 10x RDA 8. No perfect food contains all vitamins. 9. Body can’t defect difference between synthetic and natural vitamin. 10. Classified as fat or water soluble. DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 2 Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins Fat soluble Water soluble Carried in fat Soluble in water A, D, E, K Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate,B12, B6, biotin, pantothenic acid, vitamin C. Needed every three days. Needed daily Deficiencies develop Deficiencies develop slowly quickly Transported lymph. Stored Transported in blood. Not in the liver and body stored in the body adipose Excess toxic in small Excess usually not toxic. amounts (6-10x RDA) (> 10 x RDA) Have precursors or Generally do not have precursors. provitamins. DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 3 Vitamin A Most versatile of the fat soluble vitamins. Functions: 1. Promotes good night vi sion and normal vision. 2. Promotes cell differentiation. 3. Supports immune system. 4. Promotes growth and reproduction. Precursor: beta carotene 2001 Recommendations: RAE (Retinol Activity Equivalent) 1 mcg retinol = RAE 12 mcg beta carotene = RAE 24 mcg other carotene = RAE Deficiency: • Night blindness • Xerophthalmia Toxicity: As little as 5x the RDA Foods: Liver, fish liver oils, egg yolk, milk and butter. Rich yellow, deep orange fruits & vegetables. Fortified nonfat milk. DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 4 Vitamin D - Calciferol . Different from others, our body synthesizes. Not essential. 1. D3 = Synthesized from sunlight. 2. Provitamin D – animals Roles in the body. 1. Promotes bone mineralization. 2. Raises blood concentration of Calcium and phosphorus Deficiency: 1. rickets 2. osteomalcia Toxic: THE MOST TOXIC at 4-5x the DRI. Sources: Egg yolk, liver and fatty fish, fortified milk. Sunlight. DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 5 Vitamin E ( Tocopherol) Function: antioxidant 1. Protects PUFA 2. Protects Vitamin A 3. Protects RBC and brain 4. Protects lungs 5. Immune system Deficiency: Rare. • Neuromuscular dysfunction • Erythrocyte breakdown Toxicity: rare. Upper limit: 1000 mg DRI RDA) 2000: 15α TE mg for adults Food: Vegetable oils, wheat germ, sweet potato, liver, green leafy vegetables, nuts, seeds. DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 6 Vitamin K Forms: a. phylloquinone - plants b menaquionone - animal tissue c. menadione - synthetic form Functions: 1. Functions in blood clotting 2. Synthesis of bone protein, osteocalcin. Deficiency: • Hemorrhagic disease • Skeletal weakness Toxic: rare 2000 AI: 90 ug women/ 120 ug men Sources: ½ synthesized by bacteria in gut ½ milk, eggs, liver, green leafy, cabbage-type vegetables. DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 7 Vitamins that are Antioxidants & Beta carotene (Precursor of vitamin A) & Vitamin E & Vitam in DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 8 Water-soluble Vitamins & Vitamin C & Thiamin & Riboflavin & Niacin & Folate & Vitamin B 6 - Pyridoxine & Vitamin B 12 & Biotin & Pantothenic Acid DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 9 Vitamin C = Ascorbic acid Functions: 1. Antioxidant-- protects vitamin A and poly- unsaturated fatty acids. 2. Part of the protein collagen. 3. Fights infection, immune system support. 4. Makes hormones RDA: 2000, 75 mg women; 90 for men. + 35mg if smoker. UL: 2000mg or 2 grams Sources: Fruits & vegetables only. DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 10 Sources of vitamin C Orange juice, ½ c, froz97 mg Strawberries, 1 cup 84 mg Orange juice, chilled 82 mg Kiwo,e m4g Orange, one fresh 70 mg Cantaloupe, 1 cup 68 mg Brocccl,9g Potato, baked, 1 26 mg Tomato, 1 fresh 22 mg Watermelon, 1 cup 15 mg Banano,e 1m0g Apple, one 8 mg Pear, Bartlett, one 7 mg DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 11 B1 Thiamin, B2 Riboflavin, B3 Niacin Functions: 1. Coenzyme energy metabolism. 2. Needed for normal growth. 3. Release energy from nutrients. Thiamin = nerves .....pork, liver, peanuts Riboflavin = skin/vision……….milk products Niacin = skin/nerve system, GI tract .......meat, fish, poultry, fortified grains & cereals. Niacin made from tryptophan, about 1/2 our need. Deficiency: rare Toxic: Only niacin. DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 12 Folate Function: New cell synthesis Deficiency: megaloblastic anemia. Neural Tube Defects: anencephaly & spina bifida. 1998 fortification of cereals/grains. DFE = Dietary folate equivalents. a. synthetic 1.7x greater absorption b. natural food sources (green leafy) B 12– Cobalamine Function: New cell synthesis & normal nerve function. Deficiency: pernicious anemia and nerve damage. Intrinsic factor. Animal products only . DIT 125, Chapter 6 Vitamins 13 B6 Pyridoxine Function: 1. Coenzyme, especially protein metabolism. 2. Makes red blood cells. 3. Synthesizes neurotransmitters. Deficiency: fatigue, depression, irritability. Sources: meat, poultry, fish, potatoes, bananas, green leafy and watermelon. Fortified cereals. Toxic: UL 100 mg. Stored in muscles. Can cause permanent nerve damage. Panothenic Acid - B 5 and Biotin Coenzymes in energy metabolism Choline – a potential vitamin. Needed to make lecithin & acetylcholine.

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 6.7, Problem 2E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Statistics for Engineers and Scientists
Edition: 4
Author: William Navidi
ISBN: 9780073401331

The answer to “?In a study of the relationship of the shape of a tablet to its dissolution time, 6 disk-shaped ibuprofen tablets and 8 oval-shaped ibuprofen tablets were dissolvedin water. The dissolve times, in seconds, were as follows:Disk: 269.0 249.3 255.2 252.7 247.0 261.6Oval: 268.8 260.0 273.5 253.9 278.5 289.4261.6 280.2Can you conclude that the mean dissolve times differ between the two shapes?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 61 words. This full solution covers the following key subjects: were, times, tablets, shaped, dissolve. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 153 chapters, and 2440 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Statistics for Engineers and Scientists , edition: 4. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 2E from chapter: 6.7 was answered by , our top Statistics solution expert on 06/28/17, 11:15AM. Since the solution to 2E from 6.7 chapter was answered, more than 420 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. Statistics for Engineers and Scientists was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073401331.

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