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Binary Star—Equal Masses. Two identical stars with mass M

University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman ISBN: 9780321675460 31

Solution for problem 71P Chapter 13

University Physics | 13th Edition

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University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman

University Physics | 13th Edition

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Problem 71P

Binary Star—Equal Masses. Two identical stars with mass M orbit around their center of mass. Each orbit is circular and has radius R, so that the two stars are always on opposite sides of the circle. (a) Find the gravitational force of one star on the other. (b) Find the orbital speed of each star and the period of the orbit. (c) How much energy would be required to separate the two stars to infinity?

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Solution 71P The gravitational force of attraction between two bodies with masses M and M and separated 1 2 by a distance R is given by F =GM M1 2 …..(1) R2 Since the two stars are always on the opposite sides of the circle of radius R, hence the distance between them is = 2R Each star has a mass of M. (a) Substituting these values in equation (1), we get 2 F = GM 2 (2R) GM 2 F = 4R2 This is the gravitational force of one star on the other. (b) Orbital speed The gravitational force calculated in step (a) will be equal to the centripetal force of orbital motion of a star. GM 2 Mv 2 Therefore, 4R2 = R , here v is the orbital speed. v = GM …..(2) 4R v = 1 GM 2 R This is the required orbital speed of each star. Period T = 2R/v T = 2R GR 3/2 T = 4R / GM This is the required period of the orbit. (c) To solve this part, we shall have to first calculate the kinetic energy of each star. The kinetic energy of one star = Mv 2= M × GM = GM 2 2 2 4R 8R GM 2 2 Total kinetic energy of both the stars = 2 × 8R = GM /4R Since the stars are orbiting, hence they possess kinetic energy and in order to separate them to GM 2 infinity, 4R amount of energy would be required.

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Chapter 13, Problem 71P is Solved
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Textbook: University Physics
Edition: 13
Author: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman
ISBN: 9780321675460

University Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321675460. Since the solution to 71P from 13 chapter was answered, more than 374 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “Binary Star—Equal Masses. Two identical stars with mass M orbit around their center of mass. Each orbit is circular and has radius R, so that the two stars are always on opposite sides of the circle. (a) Find the gravitational force of one star on the other. (b) Find the orbital speed of each star and the period of the orbit. (c) How much energy would be required to separate the two stars to infinity?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 75 words. This full solution covers the following key subjects: stars, star, orbit, mass, Find. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 26 chapters, and 2929 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: University Physics, edition: 13. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 71P from chapter: 13 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:07PM.

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