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Classification and Properties of Matter | Ch 1 - 22E

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus ISBN: 9780321910417 77

Solution for problem 22E Chapter 1

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

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Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

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Problem 22E

Classification and Properties of Matter (Sections)

A match is lit and held under a cold piece of metal. The following observations are made: (a) The match burns, (b) The metal gets warmer, (c) Water condenses on the metal, (d) Soot (carbon) is deposited on the metal.Which of these occurrences are due to physical changes, and which are due to chemical changes?

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Lecture – (3/9/16)  Revolution and Virtue: o Enlightenment and Republicanism o Decline and “Republican Virtue” o Commercial capitalism as threat  Seven Year’s War (1754-1763) o Republicanism and Empire o “French and Indian” War o Fighting for possession of Northeast American territory o France loses all New world holdings o Lose Louisiana to Spain o Britain is now major sea power o Taxes on colonies ratcheted hours to pay for war o Same thing happening over in France o Big contributors to American Revolution and French Revolution  American Revolution (1775-1783) o Bankrolled wars o Military advising  Taxation without representation  Closed British Elite society  Eliminate royalty and privilege  Not a social reform o No slavery resolution o Bill of rights (1789)  Republicanism: The glorious revolution, and a new form of state : A federation of states  The first true revolution  The French revolution (1789-99)  Precursors o Bankruptcy  Seven Year’s war  Support for American revolution  Taxation  Tennis court oath (June 20 1789) o Visual ID o Three estates: clergy, aristocrats, common folk o Came to see king, king refused to hear demand o Creation of “National assembly”  Didn’t want to listen to king anymore o “Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen”  Storming of the Bastille (July 14, 1789) o Visual ID  More utopian than American o Liberty o Festival of the Supreme being  Festival that everyone can relate to regardless of religion  A social and political revolution o Erase social ranks o Reform via national assembly o Radicalization o Anti aristocracy o Violent: The terror  General Napolean Boraparte (1769-1821) o Wants to set things right o Seems benevolent and forward thinking leader o He took care of people o Declared himself emperor of the French (1804-1815) o Could be compared to Alexander the Great o Starts to act more like a tyrant once he’s emperor  Trafalgar (1805) o French and Spanish take defeat against British  1812: Moscow o Grande Armee  Of 1,000,000 only 50,000 survive  Waterloo, June 18, 1815 o Napolean suffers another defeat  Did the revolutionaries work o Yes, in reconstructing elite society o England: parliamentary partnership o France: Execution of Monarch o U.S.: Not a common man’s revolution  China:  Why did dynastic upheaval not undermine Chinese unity  Why did revolutions in the modern sense occur first in Europe  Time: o No calendar dating o Imperial Regional date  Mandate of heaven o Political revolution  White lotus rebellion o Enormous and diverse following o 1360s: out with the Mongols o 1774: out with the Manchu o Wang Lun Uprising Lecture – (3/11/16)  White Lotus Rebellion put down by Qing (and Mongols who were friends with the Qing) o Wang Lun wore clothes he wasn’t supposed to because of his class act of rebellion  1796 -1804: Another rebellion, restore the Ming  1813: Eight Trigrams  Ling Ching: Maitreya o Invasion of forbidden city o Seeking to restore the Mandate of Heaven  White lotus millenarianism o 16 Century o Buddhist, Taoist, Confucian o Personal salvation o Buddha Meitreya o White lotus movement was a religion that was a mixture of Buddhism Taoism and Confucianism  Believed in eternal mother o Mother created all things  Believed that if they listened to Meitreya they would get salvation  Apocalyptic: “Black whirlwind that blows all day and night, killing countless people and leaving mountains of bones and oceans of blood”  Teacher/Pupil: small ratio (new movement) o Imminent salvation  end coming very soon o Community for unattended  Elderly, no family  Monks without temples  Migrant laborers  Urban immigrants  Poor/poverty  All of these people were pretty much screwed by Confucian standards so the white lotus movement attracted them  Kung Fu: Any study that requires hard work and time o Important for white lotus movement  Sutra-Recitation o Strong organization o Scriptural emphasis  No mention of filial piety o Live like monk without actually being a monk o Healing  Strict vegetarians o Take 5 vows of Buddhist  (don’t lie, steal, kill, etc) o Contracts  To end rebirth cycle  Goal of Buddhism is to end rebirth cycle and achieve nirvana  Meditative (eight Trigrams) o Constructural elements that makes up Ying Yang  Heaven, wind, river, earth, thunder, fire, water, meditation  Want to learn things they can do by themselves without congregating o Martial arts  Prepare for the apocalypse  Don’t need to be vegetarians  Emphasis is more Confucian and Taoist o Not concerned with rebirth  Martial arts is very important, prepare for expected apocalypse o Associates them with criminality  Counter revolution o Manchu army unprepared fighting white lotus  Guerilla, civil war  Strategic hamlet strategy  Local gentry critical  1805: white lotus rebellion crushed ; 100,000 killed  Dynastic vs. civilization decline o Scholar-gentry and quelling rebellion o Elite continuity from Tang to Qing dynasties, 1500 years of Chinese unity, despite dynastic change and foreign invasion  Thus no rebellion  Lessons: o White Lotus Rebellion proved that the scholar gentry could just contain restlessness and revolt o But how do you mobilize local people, when they are losing land and hope o The old system could not control the Taiping rebellion  China’s strength: huge networks of family, lineage, bureaucracy  Weakness: inability to contain unprecedented population without increase in resources or revolutionary improvements in technology and productivity  Land and energy, as in the west  Civilization decline o 50 years later o 1912: Liberal republic, 1946: Marxist revolution o 1978: embrace capitalism o Yet, always Chinese  Why no modern revolution o No radical break with past o No challenges to ancient thinking o Not a utopian future, but an apocalypse

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Chapter 1, Problem 22E is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780321910417

This full solution covers the following key subjects: metal, changes, match, due, burns. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 305 chapters, and 6352 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. The answer to “Classification and Properties of Matter (Sections)A match is lit and held under a cold piece of metal. The following observations are made: (a) The match burns, (b) The metal gets warmer, (c) Water condenses on the metal, (d) Soot (carbon) is deposited on the metal.Which of these occurrences are due to physical changes, and which are due to chemical changes?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 60 words. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 22E from chapter: 1 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 09/04/17, 09:30PM. Since the solution to 22E from 1 chapter was answered, more than 249 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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Classification and Properties of Matter | Ch 1 - 22E