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Visualizing ConceptsThis figure shows the interaction of a

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus ISBN: 9780321910417 77

Solution for problem 2E Chapter 13

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

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Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

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Problem 2E

Visualizing Concepts

This figure shows the interaction of a cation with surrounding water molecules.

(a) Which atom of water is associated with the cation? Explain.

(b) Which of the following explanations accounts for the fact that the ion-solvent interaction is greater for Li+ than for K+?

a.        Li+ is of lower mass than K+.

b.        The ionization energy of Li is higher than that for K.

c.        Li+ has a smaller ionic radius than K+.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Chemistry: February 8-12 Law of Conservation of Mass • the same number of each atom much be in the reactants and products of a chemical reaction • balancing equations (either by ‘guess and check’ or by using variables) *there is a set of practice equations on D2L to work out o example used in class: Nomenclature • Basics of naming compounds (unless hydrogen is present): o cations (metal) are named first o anions (nonmetals) are named after and the ending changes to “-ide” • Acids: o if anion ends in “-ide”, then it is said as “hydro-stem-ic acid” § example of ‘stem’: chlor § example: HCl= hydrochloric acid o i

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 13, Problem 2E is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 13
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780321910417

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Visualizing ConceptsThis figure shows the interaction of a