Determine the percent error in using the ideal gas model to determine the specific volume of (a) water vapor at 4000 lbf/in.2 , 10008F. (b) water vapor at 5 lbf/in.2 , 2508F. (c) ammonia at 40 lbf/in.2 , 608F. (d) air at 1 atm, 5608R. (e) Refrigerant 134a at 300 lbf/in.2 , 1808F.
Implied Powers McCulloch v. Maryland- an 1819 supreme court decision that established the supremacy of the national government over the state governments. Led by Chief Justice John Marshall, held that Congress has certain implied powers in addition to the powers enumerated in the Constitution. The Constitution was meant to permit Congress to use all means “necessary and proper” to fulfil its responsibilities. Set forth two constitutional principles: - Supremacy of the national government over the states. - The national government has certain implied powers that go beyond its enumerated powers. Enumerated powers – powers of the federal government that are listed explicitly in the Constitution.