Why do frozen water pipes burst? Would a mercury thermometer break if the temperature went below the freezing temperature of mercury? Why or why not?
Solution 4DQ Step 1 of 2 : Considering the relation between volume and temperature. 0 Water has it minimum volume (maximum density) at 4 c. Also its volume increases 0 continuously as we decrease the temperature below 4 c. Therefore the water expands as it freezes and this leads to the damage or bursting of water pipes. Since expansion occurs in a closed environment such as a water pipe, there could be substantial pressure placed on the inner walls of the pipe material, whether it be iron, lead or PVC plastic. Even if a pipe is strong enough to handle the occasional stress of frozen water, the cumulative effect can weaken the structural integrity of the pipe and eventually it will burst.
Textbook: University Physics
Author: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman
The full step-by-step solution to problem: 4DQ from chapter: 17 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:07PM. Since the solution to 4DQ from 17 chapter was answered, more than 247 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. University Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321675460. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: University Physics, edition: 13. This full solution covers the following key subjects: mercury, temperature, below, freezing, frozen. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 26 chapters, and 2929 solutions. The answer to “Why do frozen water pipes burst? Would a mercury thermometer break if the temperature went below the freezing temperature of mercury? Why or why not?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 25 words.