(a) Calculate %IC of the interatomic bonds forthe intermetallic compound Al6Mn. (b) On the basis of this result, what type of interatomicbonding would you expect to be foundin Al6Mn?
HY 120/ Week 13 April 7 2016 Post War of 1812 Period/ Era of Good Feelings Era of disaster for the Native Americans After the war of 1812 the U.S expands During the Post war of 1812 the U.S. is entering in an early capitalistic stage Transitioning from agriculture to manufacture industry (industrial economy) o Everything changes when the economy changes 1819 the U.S goes through economic cycles (boom & bust cycles) o Occurs every 4 years the economy would boom & then bust o The cycles became regular every 4 years o This is caused by the transformation from one type economy to another type of economy In this new economy (industrial & capitalistic) it is: o More disposal cash in this new economy o Greater demand for certain kind of goods & services Leads to higher prices, land speculation, gambling, surpluses leads to lower prices, then the demand drops Capitalism creates a lot of anxiety because they don’t know what’s going on in this new industrial manufacturing capitalistic economy o Affects the workers Government is at the center of this new economy o Government wants settlement all the way to the pacific coast by white people o Wants white expansion o Government who has possession over land and turn around to sell it to the whites and to whoever they want to like big corporations such as railroads o Government also builds roads from coast to coast to build a network of communication o Promotes technology and inventions (1802) o During this period the U.S government is going to get in the business of encouraging inventions Creates a very sophisticated and workable system of patents The U.S. government wants to encourage private individuals of corporations to do things that the government thinks is in the interest of everybody o The U.S. comes up with protective tariffs-put taxes on imported goods to protect American manufactures—indirect government involvement & not free market o Public policy-the federal courts are going to keep making decisions that help create this big powerful capitalistic system The U.S. wants to keep its position at being #1 advanced society in the world Gibbons vs. Odden- who gets to control the commerce within the states (state or federal gov.) o The state says they control commerce within their borders o The federal gov. disagrees because their trying to create a commerce system that goes from state to state and once it crosses states lines it is in the federal hands (Interstate commerce) o The government is trying to create a powerful centralize commercial system As a result, the states are going to compete for industry (goodies) From the 1820’s to the Civil War is a time where some people engage in the idea of reform This reform is known as “Romantic Reform” o People that are engaged in this reform are called romantic reformers o They want to stop the new change in the U.S industrialization, urbanization-the growth of cities, stop the flow of immigrants and go back to a simpler time o Called romantic because it’s never going to happen and is never going back to the small government system Hudson River School-group of painters and artists (New York) o Hated the industrialization of urbanization and they painted landscapes not a person or city in site. Sometimes in the back of their paintings they showed smoke coming up o This was to show that if we keep polluting and changing to industrialization, they are going to lose nature and the land o These artist and painters had a lot in common with other reformers who were more focused on politics rather than art o Political and social reformers wanted to restore order in this fast moving changing society Their solution was to impose a strict moral and social code back on the U.S. o Religion motivated political and social reformers (Christianity) The leader of the religious reformers is Charles Finney (father of modern revivalism) o Believed sin is avoidable and sin is chosen. Individuals choose sin o Says there is no such thing of original sin Utopians- radicals, group of people who believed perfect society, and paradise Shakers- small set of radicals, this group refuse to modernize and will not tolerate electricity and automobiles o Gave women an opportunity Political Utopians-Robert Owen, socialist Socialist believe in equality, shared resources and most were in New England or Indiana. Most famous was in Massachusetts called the Brook Farm Commune Henry David Thoreau a Utopian deliberate took himself out of the city and lived off the land for most of his life and wrote about it Henry David Thoreau and other Utopians defines materialism as bad o Capitalism is all about materialism Transcendentalists-another small group of radicals o Want to rise above capitalistic values Mormons- group of religious radicals, believed in an utopian society of sinless people o Were a very prosecuted group, they started in New York and Canada and created a branch off Christianity o Didn’t believe in individual property o Only 100% religion that was created in the U.S.—most American of religion o Incorporate American values o Fastest growing religion in the world and Islam