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If the pressure of an ideal monatomic gas is increased

University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman ISBN: 9780321675460 31

Solution for problem 17DQ Chapter 18

University Physics | 13th Edition

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University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman

University Physics | 13th Edition

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Problem 17DQ

If the pressure of an ideal monatomic gas is increased while the number of moles is kept constant, what happens to the average translational kinetic energy of one atom of the gas? Is it possible to change ?both the volume and the pressure of an ideal gas and keep the average translational kinetic energy of the atoms constant? Explain.

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Solution to 17DQ When the [pressure of the ideal monoatomic gas is increased by keeping the number of moles as a constant, the temperature will increase thus the average kinetic energy will also increase. PV=nRT P=2N(Average KE)/3V So as P increases, average KE will also increase. Yes, it is possible to change pressure and volume of the ideal monoatomic gas without changing the temperature. This is possible if the expansion is isothermal in nature, where nRT is kept constant.

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Chapter 18, Problem 17DQ is Solved
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Textbook: University Physics
Edition: 13
Author: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman
ISBN: 9780321675460

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If the pressure of an ideal monatomic gas is increased