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In the production of a bean oiL beans containing 13.0 wt%

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780471687573 | Authors: Richard M Felder ISBN: 9780471687573 143

Solution for problem 4.36 Chapter 4

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 3rd Edition

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Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780471687573 | Authors: Richard M Felder

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 3rd Edition

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Problem 4.36

In the production of a bean oiL beans containing 13.0 wt% oil and 87.0% solids are ground and fed to a stirred tank (the extractor) along with a recycled stream of liquid n-hexane. The feed ratio is 3 kg *Computer problem. 169 hexane/kg beans. The ground beans are suspended in the liquid, and essentially all of the oil in the beans is extracted into the hexane. The extractor effluent passes to a filter. The filter cake contains 75.0 wt% bean solids and the balance bean oil and hexane, the latter two in the same ratio in which they emerge from the extractor. The filter cake is discarded and the liquid filtrate is fed to a heated evaporator in which the hexane is vaporized and the oil remains as a liquid. The oil is stored in drums and shipped. The hexane vapor is subsequently cooled and condensed, and the liquid hexane condensate is recycled to the extractor. Condenser C H (I) 6 14 C/ EXTRACTOR CSH14(v FILTER EVAPORATOR CSH14(1) ~~ t Beans Filter cake Oil Encyclopedia Equipment filter (a) Draw and label a flowchart of the process, do the degree-of-freedom analysis, and write in an efficient order the equations you would solve to determine all unknown stream variables, circling the variables for which you would solve. (b) Calculate the yield of bean oil product (kg oiVkg beans fed), the required fresh hexane feed (kg C6H14/kg beans fed), and the recycle to fresh feed ratio (kg hexane recycled/kg fresh feed). (c) It has been suggested that a heat exchanger might be added to the process. This process unit would consist of a bundle of parallel metal tubes contained in an outer shell. The liquid filtrate would pass from the filter through the inside of the tubes and then go on to the evaporator. The hot hexane vapor on its way from the evaporator to the extractor would flow through the shell, passing over the outside of the tubes and heating the filtrate. How might the inclusion of this unit lead to a reduction in the operating cost of the process? (d) Suggest additional steps that might improve the process economics

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SPRING 2016 CHEM 112 MONTANO Chapter 1 Matter  Properties of matter are determined by the properties of the molecules and/or atoms it is composed of o Ex. Water (H O) Hydrogen Peroxide (H O ) 2 2 2  Water is stable, drinkable, and if you boil it, it will just evaporate  Hydrogen peroxide is not nearly as stable, NOT drinkable, and if you boil it, it might explode.  These two molecules are one atom apart (one more oxygen is added to water to make hydrogen peroxide), but the properties of the molecules are completely different. Atoms & Molecules

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Chapter 4, Problem 4.36 is Solved
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Textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes
Edition: 3
Author: Richard M Felder
ISBN: 9780471687573

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In the production of a bean oiL beans containing 13.0 wt%