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0. Ethane is chlorinated in a continuous reactor: CZH6 +

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780471687573 | Authors: Richard M Felder ISBN: 9780471687573 143

Solution for problem 4.50 Chapter 4

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 3rd Edition

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Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780471687573 | Authors: Richard M Felder

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 3rd Edition

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Problem 4.50

0. Ethane is chlorinated in a continuous reactor: CZH6 + Clz ---". CzHsCI + HCl Some of the product monochloroethane is further chlorinated in an undesired side reaction: CzHsCI + Clz ---". CzH4Cl2 + HCl (a) Suppose your principal objective is to maximize the selectivity of monochloroethane production relative to dichloroethane production. Would you design the reactor for a high or low conversion of ethane? Explain your answer. (Hint: If the reactor contents remained in the reactor long *Computer problem. 175 enough for most of the ethane in the feed to be consumed, what would the main product constituent probably be?) What additional processing steps would almost certainly be carried out to make the process economically sound? (b) Take a basis of 100 mol CzHsCl produced. Assume that the feed contains only ethane and chlorine and that all of the chlorine is consumed and carry out a degree-of-freedom analysis based on atomic species balances. (c) The reactor is designed to yield a 15% conversion of ethane and a selectivity of 14 mol CzHsClImol CZH4Ch, with a negligible amount of chlorine in the product gas. Calculate the feed ratio (mol Clz/mol C2H6 ) and the fractional yield of monochloroethane. (d) Suppose the reactor is built and started up and the conversion is only 14%. Chromatographic analysis shows that there is no Clz in the product but another species with a molecular weight higher than that of dichloroethane is present. Offer a likely explanation for these results.

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0. Ethane is chlorinated in a continuous reactor: CZH6 + Clz ---". CzHsCI + HCl Some of the product monochloroethane is further chlorinated in an undesired side reaction: CzHsCI + Clz ---". CzH4Cl2 + HCl (a) Suppose your principal objective is to maximize the selectivity of monochloroethane production relative to dichloroethane production. Would you design the reactor for a high or low conversion of ethane Explain your answer. (Hint: If the reactor contents remained in the reactor long *Computer problem. 175 enough for most of the ethane in the feed to be consumed, what would the main product constituent probably be) What additional processing steps would almost certainly be carried out to make the process economically sound (b) Take a basis of 100 mol CzHsCl produced. Assume that the feed contains only ethane and chlorine and that all of the chlorine is consumed and carry out a degree-of-freedom analysis based on atomic species balances. (c) The reactor is designed to yield a 15% conversion of ethane and a selectivity of 14 mol CzHsClImol CZH4Ch, with a negligible amount of chlorine in the product gas. Calculate the feed ratio (mol Clz/mol C2H6 ) and the fractional yield of monochloroethane. (d) Suppose the reactor is built and started up and the conversion is only 14%. Chromatographic analysis shows that there is no Clz in the product but another species with a molecular weight higher than that of dichloroethane is present. Offer a likely explanation for these results.

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Chapter 4, Problem 4.50 is Solved
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Textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes
Edition: 3
Author: Richard M Felder
ISBN: 9780471687573

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0. Ethane is chlorinated in a continuous reactor: CZH6 +