p-Xylene undergoes nitration much faster than benzene. Use resonance forms of the sigma complex to explain this accelerated rate.
p-Xylene undergoes nitration much faster than benzene. Here we have to explain it in terms of resonance structure.
P-xylene undergoes nitration to gives 2-NOX (2-nitroxylene)
2o 2o 3o
Here the benzene sigma complex has +ve charge on the 2o C-3 , C5 and another +ve charge on 3o carbon atom. Here the intermediate structure is more stable due to low activation energy. Thus the reaction rate will be faster.