Predict the major products of the following reactions.
(a) toluene + excess Cl2 (heat, pressure)
(b) benzamide (PhCONH2) + Na (liquid NH3, CH3CH2OH2)
(c) o-xylene + H2 (1000 psi, 100 °C, Rh catalyst)
(d) p-xylene + Na (liquid NH3, CH3CH2OH)
Treatment of toluene with excess in the presence of heat gives 1,2,3,4,5-pentachloro-6-methylbenzene. Thus, the reaction is as follows:
Treatment of benzamide with sodium in liquid ammonia and in the presence of ethanol gives cyclohexa-2,5-diene carboxamide. This reaction is also known as Birch reduction. Thus, the reaction is as follows:
Treatment of o-xylene with H2 in the presence of Rh catalyst gives 1,2-dimethylcyclohexane....