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A component can be manufactured according to either of two

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780073401331 | Authors: William Navidi ISBN: 9780073401331 38

Solution for problem 7SE Chapter 9

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition

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Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780073401331 | Authors: William Navidi

Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition

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Problem 7SE

A component can be manufactured according to either of two designs and with either a more expensive or a less expensive material. Several components are manufactured with each combination of design and material, and the lifetimes of each are measured (in hours). A two-way analysis of variance was performed to estimate the effects of design and material on component lifetime. The cell means and main effect estimates are presented in the following

table.

       

The process engineer recommends that design 2 should be used along with the more expensive material. He argues that the main effects of both design 2 and the more expensive material are positive, so using this combination will result in the longest component life. Do you agree with the recommendation? Why or why not?

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Memory and Forgetting External events Sensory memory Working memory (short term) Long term memory Sensory memory holds the words herd for a few short seconds and lets you register them. Researchers believe that there is a sense memory for each sense. (Auditory and visual are the most studied) Short-term memory is the active processing of information. It associates new and old information/solves problems Duration: longer than in sensory memory, rehearsal helps. Forgetting is decay, if not rehearsed it just fades away. Interference is being replaced by new info. Capacity: 7+/- rule (4+/- 1) at one point you can take on about 5-9 facts. Capacity can be increased by chunking- breaking things up into meaningful pieces for yourself Short term memory to working memory- they are not exactly interchangeable. Short term memory is simple memory process that come from rehearsal. Working memory is more effective because it is effortful/active. It deals with problem solving, reasoning, language comprehension, mental comparisons. Long-term memory extended period of time It last longer than 20 seconds in STM, its max duration is a life time. Encoding LTMs- making new info retrievable by transferring it to LTM. Maintenance rehearsal isn’t effective here (it’s not working hard enough) Elaborative rehearsal- focus on the meaning of the info/ relates it to things you already know. The best ways to do this are: put things in your own words, question the new info, think deeply, search for connections, and generate your own examples. Memory retrieval- bringing memories forward Importance of cues- clues, prompts, hints that help you recall. Cue failure can happen if the cues aren’t there or if they aren’t good enough. Serial positon effect- a words position in the list makes a difference. Primary- remembering words at the beginning. Recency- remembering the words at the end of a sequence. Forgetting encoding failure- it never got to LTM Decay theory is that memories we don’t use fade away. Not all researchers agree with this (Ex. Going back to your elementary school and having forgotten memories come back) Interference theory Motivated forgetting: suppression- “I’m not going to think about it” repression- happens unconsciously Misinformation effect happens when existing memories are altered when exposed to misleading info. False memories Schema- an organized cluster of information about a particular topic, like a script. (Like going to a restaurant and knowing the series of events or associating an office with books)

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 9, Problem 7SE is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Statistics for Engineers and Scientists
Edition: 4
Author: William Navidi
ISBN: 9780073401331

The answer to “?A component can be manufactured according to either of two designs and with either a more expensive or a less expensive material. Several components are manufactured with each combination of design and material, and the lifetimes of each are measured (in hours). A two-way analysis of variance was performed to estimate the effects of design and material on component lifetime. The cell means and main effect estimates are presented in the followingtable. The process engineer recommends that design 2 should be used along with the more expensive material. He argues that the main effects of both design 2 and the more expensive material are positive, so using this combination will result in the longest component life. Do you agree with the recommendation? Why or why not?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 126 words. Since the solution to 7SE from 9 chapter was answered, more than 405 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. Statistics for Engineers and Scientists was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073401331. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 7SE from chapter: 9 was answered by , our top Statistics solution expert on 06/28/17, 11:15AM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Statistics for Engineers and Scientists , edition: 4. This full solution covers the following key subjects: material, Design, expensive, component, main. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 153 chapters, and 2440 solutions.

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A component can be manufactured according to either of two