. (a) Find the current owing through the and the resistors. (b) How much current ows through the battery? (c) What is the potential difference between the terminals of the battery?
Chapter 11: Political Crime and Terrorism Political Crime o Definition Illegal acts that are designed to undermine, challenge, or damage an existing government and threaten its survival o Goals Intimidation Revolution The idea of overthrowing the government Profit Conviction Pseudoconviction o Becoming a Political Criminal Stage 1: “It’s not right” Stage 2: “It’s not fair” Stage 3: “It’s your fault” Stage 4: “You’re evil” o Categories Organizational Occupational Independent o Election Fraud Illegal interference with the process of an election Intimidation Disruption Misinformation Registration fraud Vote buying o Crimes Treason An act of disloyalty to one’s nation Espionage Obtaining and dissemination information considered secret or confidential without the permission of the original holder State political crime Illegal efforts by the state to maintain power Torture Acts that cause severe pain and suffering that is intentionally inflicted on a person to obtain information, punish, intimidate, or coerce them Terrorism o Political Violence and Terrorism Terrorists Individuals or groups that systematically attack or threaten violence for political demands Guerillas Fighters who are usually located in rural areas and attack government targets in an effort to unseat or replace the existing government Insurgents Groups that engage in armed uprising or revolt against an established civil or political authority Revolutionary Nationalist or local groups that engage in civil war against a sovereign power that holds control of land o Contemporary Terrorism Revolutionary terrorist, political terrorists, ecoterrorism, nationalist terrorism, retributive terrorism, statesponsored terrorism Colonialism o Definition The conquest and direct control of other peoples and their land o Heart of Darkness o PostColonialism A tradition, both academic and artistic, of prejudiced outsider interpretation of nonwestern peoples which constructs a false, but real, relationship between colonizer and colonized Orientalism, Edward Said “Can the Subaltern Speak”, Gayatri Spivak Eisenhower prepared US military to fight aliens Military industrial complex o Neocolonialism The use of social, political, economical, and cultural practices to control people and their land Neoliberalism The promotion of markets controlled by those in power Transnational corporate cultural domination (IMF, WTO, etc.) Cultural appropriation and elimination o Ex: Indian lands Nationalism = Racism o The belief that humans are subdivided into distinct national groups that are innately different in their social behavior and mental capacities and can be ranked as superior or interior o Why did the US invade Afghanistan Retaliation for 9/11 o Why did the US invade Iraq Threat od Saddam Hussein having access to WMDs Bringing Colonialism to the US o The Patriot Act (2001) Allows for warrantless searches and wire taps by federal agents Federal agents can detain suspected foreign terrorists indefinitely without charge or trial o National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) (2012); NDAA (2013) Allows for indefinite detention without charge or trial to any American citizen suspected of terrorism o HR 347 (2012) Illegal to protest events protected by the Secret Service o TransPacific Partnership (TPP) and TransAtlantic Free Trade Agreement (TAFTA) The giving over of state sovereignty to corporations Ex: NAFTA Mexico and Monsanto He wanted Mexico to plant their seed Monsanto took farmers to court in Mexico, claiming they were going against NAFTA and the court made famers do such Political Victims o Anwar alAwlaki Made YouTube videos that convinced people to commit heinous acts o Samir Khan o Abdul alRahman Born in Kansas, Anwar was father, looked for father, he was shot Political Prisoners o Chelsea Manning Federal prisoner for leaking classified documents to the public o Julian Assange Spends the last 3year locked in a hotel room. Founder of Wikileaks o John Kiriakou CIA agent who reported to the American people that we were torturing people in the prisons. He spent three years in prison Political Criminals o George Bush and Dick Chaney Participated in torture Weeding Out the Rich o Police officers are more lenient when interacting with the welltodo o Prosecutors “are more likely to pursue full prosecution, file more severe charges, and seek more stringent penalties in cases involving minority defendants than in cases involving nonminority defendants” (pg. 128) Costs of “Weeding Out the Rich” o Whitecollar crime is more costly than all the FBI Index crimes combined o Whitecollar crime is more common than crimes of the poor o Whitecollar criminals are rarely arrested or charged o Whitecollar criminals receive lighter sentences given the costs of their crimes