Figure P18.19 shows a circuit diagram. Determine (a) the current, (b) the potential of wire A relative to ground, and (c) the voltage drop across the 1 500-resistor.
Final Exam Notes 4/16/16 5:17 PM The Velvet Underground with Nico & Warhol • Lyrics challenged the conventional societal standards of the time • Band favored experimentation and a nihilistic outlook The Velvet Underground & Nico (1967) • Largely ignored upon release, the record gas since become one of the most influential and critically acclaimed rock albums in history, appearing at #13 on Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the 500 greatest albums of all time Waiting for the Man • Written by Lou Reed in 1967 • Chronicles a man purchasing $26 heroin in Harlem • “The Man” is a Puerto Rican drug dealer • One of the bands more popular songs • Rolling Stone magazine ranked it #159 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time • Reed said: “Everything about that song holds true, except the price.” Heroin • Written by Reed in 1964 (Eight Miles High and Rainy Day Women #12 and 35 were written in 1966) • Velvet Underground began performing in late 1965 • Hardly endorses drug use, nor does it clearly condemn it • More troubling in the eyes of many listeners • Musically it is every bit as challenging as it is thematically • Few rock songs make better or more intelligent use of dynamics • The slow build through the versus into the manic frenzy of the song’s conclusion sounded like nothing else in rock music at the time Lou Reed • Music achieves a balance of compassion and outrageousness • Use of sing -speak vocals and gripping narratives • Helpe d define street savvy rock & roll • Analyzes subjects of personal experience rarely examined so openly in rock and roll • Willfully evades the mainstream commercial success Walk on the Wild Side • Written in 1972- recorded on Transformer • Reed’s best-known solo work • Song received wide radio coverage, despite its touching on “unusual” topics • Subject matter - “missed” by the censors • About a series of individuals and their journey to New York City • “Superstars” at Warhol’s N.Y. studio “factory” Punk • Returned rock & roll to the basics • Three chords and a simple melody • Louder/faster, more abrasively than any rock & roll in the past • 70’s Punk became its own genre • In America, punk remained an underground sensation • Spawned the indie-rock scenes of the 80’s (grunge) • In UK, it was a full -scale phenomenon • Two most popular punk bands 1. Ramones (U.S. -New York) 2. The Sex Pistols (Great Britain) CBGB’s • Important venue for punk and new wave bands • Regulars included: Velvet Underground, Richard Hell (Television), Patti Smith, and The Ramones • CBGB stood for: Country BlueGrass Blues • OMFUG stood for: Other Music for Uplifting Gomodizers Richard Hell • One of the original punk rockers to emerge from New York City in early/mid 70’s • Often pointed to as a major influence by other subsequent punk bands • His influences covered music, poetry, and fashion • One of the first punks to wear ripped clothing • Influenced by such proto-punks as the Velvet Underground • Formed the band called the Neon Boys which later was renamed Television Televi sion • One of the most creative bands to emerge from N.Y’s punk scene of the mid -70’s • Viewed to be antithesis of the “happy culture” (hippies) • Back to short hair and street clothes (replaced the extravagant) • Guitarists Tom Verlaine and Richard Lloyd created an influential new guitar vocabulary • Didn’t follow the accepted rock structures for improvisation • Debut album was Marq uee Moon (1977) • Removed the blues while retaining the raw energy of garage rock • Added complex, lyrical solo lines that recalled both jazz and rock • Music went in unconventional directions • Laid the groundwork for many of the guitar -based post -punk pop groups of the late 70’s and 80’s • Songs are: See No Evil and Marquee Moon • • •