Prove that the probability of finding an atom in any particular energy level is where F = E – TS and the “entropy” of a level is k times the logarithm of the number of degenerate states for that level.

CEM 141 Lecture 37: Enthalpy Dr. Jian Hu th December 5 , 2016 Phase Change Added heat is used to overcome attractive interactions between molecules Water in the gaseous phase still exists in molecules (LDFs are the only forces overcome) During phase changes, temperature does not change until after the phase change is complete During melting...