Problem 18P

Prove that, for any system in equilibrium with a reservoir at temperature T, the average value of E2 is

Then use this result and the results of the previous two problems to derive a formula for σ E in terms of the heat capacity, You should find

Chemistry Lecture 7 Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium Dynamics of Chemical Reactions and Microscopic Reversibility Reactions can be reversible and dynamic when rate of forward and reverse reaction are equal reaction arrows in each direction can denote this Equilibrium does not mean same amount of reactant and product concentrations do not need to be equal can go in favor of products or reactants (can be determined by which you have relatively more of) an expression equilibrium constant =K eq (make sure its a capital K) equilibrium constant only changes when temperature changes Rate constant does not have to be equal fo