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(a) In which step(s) of the hydride reduction of an ester

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 24P Chapter 21

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 24P

Problem 24P

(a) In which step(s) of the hydride reduction of an ester does the compound undergo reduction? (Hint: Count the bonds to oxygen.)

(b) Propose a mechanism for the reduction of octanoyl chloride by lithium aluminum hydride.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Wednesday, March 2, 2016 ECO 211 Wages, Labor, Monopoly - Minimum wage •If wage is above E (Equilibrium), then the quantity demanded for labor is less than the quantity supplied for labor (A < B). •There will be an excess of labor causing unemployment. - Maximum Wage If wage is below E (Equilibrium), then • the quantity demanded for labor is higher than the quantity supply for labor (A > B) •There will be a deficit of labor causing the wage to go back up to the equilibrium point. Maximum wage is ineffective because • the price will always go back to E. 1 Wednesday, March 2, 2016 -Firm: Equilibrium from the industry (Marginal Cost= Marginal Benefit) - Demand = Value of Marginal Product of labor (D=VMP ) L - Price x Marginal Product of Labor =VMP L - Price cannot be controlled by firm or industry (controlled by the market), but industries can manipulate Marginal Product of Labor - Raising standards of living • Raise the wage to improve standards of living • To raise wage, shift the demand curve up • To raise wage there must be an increase in human capital (HK), physical capital (K), or technology (T) 2 Wednesday, March 2, 2016 • Wage increases =VMP increLses = HK, K, T increases = Price x Marginal Product of Labor increases • To accumulate capital for growth: • Domestic savings • Foreign investments • Foreign aid - Monopoly - to encourage innovation - High Fixed Cost Natural Monopoly - type of industry regulated by setting output - Walmart Type Natural Monopoly - doesn’t have high fixed cost (everything is cheaper) - output is not regulated, but the number of stores allowed to open is regulated (example: There can only be 3 Walmarts in Miami) -Average Cost= Average Variable Cost+ Average Fixed Cost -AC curve is downward sloping -This graph is for a firm that is a natural monopoly. 3

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Chapter 21, Problem 24P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. The answer to “(a) In which step(s) of the hydride reduction of an ester does the compound undergo reduction? (Hint: Count the bonds to oxygen.)(b) Propose a mechanism for the reduction of octanoyl chloride by lithium aluminum hydride.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 35 words. This full solution covers the following key subjects: reduction, hydride, INT, compound, count. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 1336 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 24P from chapter: 21 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:41PM. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. Since the solution to 24P from 21 chapter was answered, more than 419 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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(a) In which step(s) of the hydride reduction of an ester