Explain how water’s entropy can decrease when it freezes without violating the second law of thermodynamics. Specifically, explain what happens to the entropy of its surroundings.
Step 1 of 2
As per the second law of thermodynamics, every process is associated with an overall increase in entropy of the universe. The system and the surroundings
When the process of water freezing takes place, the movement of the molecules of water is restricted to a lesser value (since the movement of molecules is lesser in solids compared to that in liquids) or in other terms, the entropy of the system, the considered amount of water, falls.
From the second law of thermodynamics, this fall must be associated with a rise in entropy of the surroundings so that the total change in entropy is greater than zero.
Textbook: College Physics
Author: Paul Peter Urone, Roger Hinrichs
The full step-by-step solution to problem: 31CQ from chapter: 15 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 07/07/17, 04:39PM. The answer to “Explain how water’s entropy can decrease when it freezes without violating the second law of thermodynamics. Specifically, explain what happens to the entropy of its surroundings.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 26 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: College Physics , edition: 1. This full solution covers the following key subjects: entropy, explain, Law, freezes, happens. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 34 chapters, and 3125 solutions. College Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781938168000. Since the solution to 31CQ from 15 chapter was answered, more than 360 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.